MUSIC 1AA3 Lecture Notes - Maria Anna Mozart, Sonata Form, Binary Form

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Published on 13 Apr 2013
School
McMaster University
Department
Music
Course
MUSIC 1AA3
Page:
of 1
Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
born 1756 in Saltzburg, died in 1791 in Vienna (age 35)
heavy drinker, gambling debts, womanizer
Father was a composer - Leopold Mozart; recognized his son's musical genius early ("Wunderkind" was
daddy's nickname for him)
by age of 12, had written 3 operas, 6 symphonies, 100 other works
toured Europe to meet composers, perform, and learn about styles of composition and performance
Went to Vienna in 1781 (age 25) without steady job, tried to make fame and fortune but didn't work,
performing on piano, selling his compositions, and giving piano lessons
Huge success between 1782-1790, operas, concertos, symphonies, but always in debt
1791 - morbid depression, composed Requiem Mass, buried in unmarked grave in Vienna
His Sister - Maria Anna Mozart
• 1751-1829
also child prodigy on keyboard
eventually stopped travelling with father and brother
His Travels
traveled pretty much everywhere in europe
went to Rome at 16, met pope, got order of golden spur
Sonata Form
1st movement form, or Sonata Allegro
Expansion of rounded binary form!(aaba)
No 2 pieces in sonata form are exactly same, but they share some recognizable features
3 sections
Exposition (a) then repeated (a)
opening idea
contrasting idea in diff. key is introduced
Development (b)
takes music materials from exposition, and then manipulates it like crazy, unstable!
Recapitulation (final a)
repeats material first presented in exposition, but with 2nd theme from exposition in tonic
key
Drama of Sonata Form
similar to wizard of oz:
Exposition - themes of song are introduced - black and whit part introduces main characters
Tonic key - themes are presented in tonic key - Dorothy's at home, we meet farmhands
and evil lady
Modulates to secondary key - new theme presented in new key - Dorothy meets new
character, runs away, meets Professor Marvel
Development
Harmonically unstable, themes transformed, yet recognizable - film turns to colour,
hurricane, original characters transformed (Ms. Gulch = evil witch)
Recapitulation - return to the "home" key, the tonic, themes are now presented in tonic - dorothy
returns home, back to B&W, characters return to form
Symphony no. 40 in G minor
one of 3 symphonies from Vienna, 1788
lots of dramatic contrasts
has memorable musical personalities, conflict and resolution
themes are like characters
the 1st has a quiet agitated accompaniment
the 2nd is calmer and with longer notes
both use antecedent-consequent phrases
1st theme - dramatic melody, with agitated accompaniment
2nd theme - contrasts first, longer notes, softer accompaniment, calmer mood

Document Summary

Wolfgang amadeus mozart born 1756 in saltzburg, died in 1791 in vienna (age 35) heavy drinker, gambling debts, womanizer. Huge success between 1782-1790, operas, concertos, symphonies, but always in debt. 1791 - morbid depression, composed requiem mass, buried in unmarked grave in vienna. 1751-1829 also child prodigy on keyboard eventually stopped travelling with father and brother traveled pretty much everywhere in europe went to rome at 16, met pope, got order of golden spur. No 2 pieces in sonata form are exactly same, but they share some recognizable features. Recapitulation ( nal a) opening idea contrasting idea in diff. key is introduced takes music materials from exposition, and then manipulates it like crazy, unstable repeats material rst presented in exposition, but with 2nd theme from exposition in tonic key. Drama of sonata form similar to wizard of oz: Exposition - themes of song are introduced - black and whit part introduces main characters.