What is philosophy?
· It is not:
o A recipe for happiness or fulfillment (Philosophers aren’t good at dress up)
o It is not a transcending or mystical science
o It is not just statements of opinion or personal ideology (philosophers always present
· It is:
o Unique in both in its methods
o And nature and breadth of its subject matter (it is so damn wide and weird)
o A science that attempts to address foundational questions
§ And attempts to answer them questions in a reasoned manner (rational
· Philosophy ‘s foundational questions are formed from many other branches of human inquiry
and of our understanding of the world and connections between people and their surroundings
· It is the level of inquiry that determines how philosophical some subject is, it can encompass
any subject matter.
o The more abstract an idea, the more philosophical an idea is.
· For an example: science philosophy:
o Are methods justified?
o Could they be improved
o Is there objective or scientific truth behind these experimentation
· For example: Law
o Under what conditions does something count as a valid law (example: Apartheid
regime in Africa)
o Could an act of parliament that is deeply unjust really be a law? Or could it only be
an act of violence? (THOMAS SOMETHING )
· For example time:
o What is time?
§ Does universe exist in time? Or dis time an essential feature of the universe
that is des time exist in the universe
§ Is time travel conceptually possible? Or is it thinking we could go back in
· In conclusions: it challenges us to question beliefs assumptions and ideas we usually take for
granted-which can be very hard to justify or even understand fully.
· It is explications of things that are v