Enhancement vs. Treatment
What is the difference between medical treatment and medical enhancement?
Ritalin > some students use it as a cognitive enhancer.
Are there any problems with using normalcy to distinguish treatment from enhancement?
What is normal?
Problems with determine what accounts for normal.
Is there even such a thing as normal
No real fundamental difference between normal or abnormal construct.
Graduated conception of normlalcy
Assuming there is a threshold of normalcy, some normal people are stronger, smarter then other. Since people in the lower end
of normal, enhancement could be argued as treatment.
Natural Enhancement vs. Biotechnical Enhancement
Natural Enhancement: Developing natural faculties through own actions.
Lifting to be a sick kunt
Biotechnical Enhancement: Developing or altering faculties through genetic, pharmacological, cybernetic or surgical means.
Taking Dianabol, Winstrol, Anadrol, Clenbuterol, Trenoberole, DNP.
Why is bioethical disturbing, while natural enhancement is praiseworthy?
Maybe because its new
Taking a shortcut.
(1953) The Case against Perfection by Michael Sandal
We typically resolve biomedical issues by appealing to autonomy, justice, beneficence or non maleficence
These standards do not work very well when it comes to human enhancement.
Sandel agrees with conclusion but doesn't think the above doesn’t tell us.
There really is something wrong with human enhancement
It destroys our appreciation of the gifted character of human power and achievement.
Traditional Objections to Enhancement
Unfair to individuals Unenhanced cannot compete with enhanced
Creates an underclass of citizens
^ He shows why these are weak arguments
Bio Technical Enhancement is Unfair Enhanced individuals have an unfair advantage over those who are not
This criticism is particular obvious when it comes to sports
Arnold Mice Genetic tampering makes these mice sick kunts, enhanced in terms of strength.
Should biotechnical methods of muscle enhancement be permitted in professional sports
No: It is unfair
The problem with this objection is that we already allow genetic advantage in sports.
Biotechnical Enhancement will create social underclass
Biotechnical enhancement has the potential to create a genuine biological basis for social inequality.
Cognitive Enhancers Enhancement
Should biotechnology's that enhance a person’s cognitive abilities beyond that is normal be permitted
No: IT could create two classes in our society
This objection misses the point
If the technology was made available to everyone, would it be ok?
Distribution is the problem, but not a problem with the product itself but how we handle it
Biotechnical Enhancement is Self Defeating
People do not just want to be better in an absolute sense, the want to be better than everyone else
This advantage vanishes if everyone is enhanced
People who are tall, have advantage over others who are not.
Should human growth hormone be used to increase heigh of those not suffering from hormone deficiency?
Should we be treating them because they want to.
No: If everyone does it, it is selfdefeating. If widely distributed it defeats it self. What if everyone wanted to be a little taller,
then it would be never ending.
Real issue not whether if it defeats itself. Do we want to live in a world where parents feel compelled to enhance the heigh of