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Lecture 24

PHILOS 1B03 Lecture Notes - Lecture 24: Mens Rea

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Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PHILOS 1B03
Professor
Wil Waluchow
Lecture
24

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Facts
● CriminalChargesonantisemiticstatements
● AllegedworldwideJewishConspiracy
● Awardedhighermarkstostudentswithsimilarviews
● Firedfromjobandstrippedofteacher’slicense
● AppealsconvictiontoSCC
● ArguesthatCCC319
SCC:MajorityOpinion(4/7)
● Sec.319ofCCCinfringesSection2(c)ofCharterbutreasonablelimitation
● Oakestestsatisfied
PressingandSubstantialObjective
● Objectives
○ avoidanceofharmscausedbyhatepropaganda
■ emotionalandpsychologicaldamagetomembersoftargetgroup
■ denialsofequalitytotargetedgroup
■ messagemaypersistinrecipient’smind
■ serioussocialdiscordamongracial,ethnicandreligiousgroups
RationalConnection
● TrialConveys:
○ socialcondemnation;brandedcriminal
○ publicmessageofharmfulnessofhateandpropaganda
○ commitmenttodiversity,dignityofeachperson,valueofequalityandof
multiculturalism(recognizedinCharter,sec.27)
MinimalImpairment
● Notoverbroad
○ Nochillingeffectonlegitimateexpression
○ Stringentmensrea(guiltymind)requirementintenttopromotehatred(...willful
promotion)
○ Privateconversationsexcluded
Conclusions
● “Theexpressiveactivityatwhichthisprovisionaimsisofaspecialcategory..only
tenuouslyconnectedwiththevaluesunderlyingtheguaranteeoffreedomofspeech”
● “Thesuppressionofhatepropagandaaffectedbys.319(2)representsanimpairment
oftheindividualsfreedomofexpression,whichisnotofamostseriousnature”
● S.319imposedalimitonfreeexpressionthatcanbe“demonstrably...
MinorityOpinion(McLachlin,J)
● S.219promotesthecauseofhatemongersplatform;sympathy;martyrs
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