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POLSCI 1G06 (280)
Todd Alway (280)
Lecture 6

Political Science lecture 6a.doc

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Political Science
Todd Alway

Political Science 1G06 2013 Lecture 6a Development and UnderdevelopmentStatisticsThe income gap between the worlds richest and poorest countries was 31 in 1820 351 by 1950 741 by 1997 and by 2002 it was 821A total of 28 Billion people live on less than 250dayOfficial Development Assistance from OECD states 052 GNI 1960 031 2011oPearson Commission 1969 recommends 07ConsiderPoor states are not a homogeneous blocDifferent types of LDCs have been moreless successful at developing economicallySome have stagnated or even declined economically parts of SubSaharan Africa CaribbeanOthers have been at least partially successful at developingNewly Industrialized Economies South Korea Taiwan ChinaQuestionWhat accounts both for the relative economic success of a minority of states alongside the seeming inability for the majority of states to escape from conditions of extreme poverty What accounts for development and underdevelopmentModern History of developmentPeriod 1 Independence 1950s 60sFrom colonialism to political independenceHowever while formal colonialism might have ended the new states were not facing the Developed states as economic equals3 elements of InequalityAInternational Economic StructureThe international economic system was characterized by a division of labour between statesLess Developed states largely produced agricultural goods and raw materialsDeveloped states produced manufactured goods1
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