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POLSCI 2I03 (101)
Andrew Lui (26)
Lecture 12

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Political Science
Andrew Lui

Hunger: Global Hunger Index- it is important because the issue development in hunger was not a prominent one until the 1980s. It was framed after the Cold War. People begin to pay more attention to hunger development in 1980s at the same time looking at other issues important for IR. Issues like AIDS, TB etc. a lot of things which states have said it is a pressing security issue, but hunger has not gone away and in many parts of the world has deteriorated. While we have pharmaceutical companies researching on AIDS etc where they make a profit there is none on prevention of profit. But there has been no incentive to stop hunger; a political motivation was/is needed. Hunger is a problem in sub-Saharan Africa and Asia. But it is a growing issue in western countries too. Josette Sheeran: Ending Hunger now (TED) - leading person working the UN program to stop hunger or how to deal with it. The video shows the development programs they are trying to tackle the issue of hunger but also the many gaps that are yet to be filled, and how IR can help in this situation and issue. Key points: with regards to hunger and how it should be/can be tackled, the traditional orthodox view up until 1990’s was that we didn’t have enough food. We didn’t make enough, certain parts of the world could not sustain the population, and the population was unable to produce which was the problem. We have scientists etc to find ways how to help the poor countries to produce more. They would give them money to get them to buy American tractors (western machines). As the development evolved, actually counting the numbers with the help of statistics they counted how much people are eating and they came to the conclusion that it is not so much a production issue as much as it is the distribution issue. And that distribution of production and wealth is a problem. In the video Sheeran is holding a large mug in which much of the south had difficulty filling where their next meal is coming from, and that is an indication that they have problems where the food is coming. That difficulty not only affects various strata in the country but individuals within the same family are affected differently. Women, female children are most adversely affected by the hunger issue. It looks at this structure of patriarchy; it is not a private issue but a private issue that has a social conflict. Most often families will think if they have trouble feeding ourselves, we will give the food to the youngest to the oldest of the boys and what are left is the female children. How this affects development in the longer term. In the early years of year we know scientifically that brain development and chronic intake are significant then. She shows with conclusive proof the brain development of one who is malnourished and one who is not, it has a profound effect if children don’t get enough calories or nutrition in early years of life. For instance, people often address the issue of hunger in terms of how much it will cost today. How much will it cost to feed children in sub-Saharan Africa, in terms of balance sheets that is how economists looked at this issue. Because there was no data in the long term, so they asked what is the economic effect of not doing anything? They noted that the social cost and the economic cost of not doing anything is usually 6 folds more than it will be to start implementing programs to address hunger. When individuals do not have the development capacity to launch such programs or they don’t have it socially they often turn to crime. As seen in sub-Saharan Africa it is seen they turn to rebel groups, etc. Romeo Dallaire’s new book looks at child soldier, as why children join insurgency groups or what forces them to it. Yes, some of the times they are separated from their parents. But often times after the conflict is ended these individuals if they have programs to bring them back to the society, they go back. This is because often times these groups provide for the individuals their next meal often times before the state does. This is based on the need of deprivation and who will provide for them. There is no private institution that states it is our responsibility to do it, because there is no corporation that will benefit or gain profit from finding solutions to feed the hungry. The video says some of the corporations that are trying to make some healthy food to get you by to be submitted to such areas. Many of the corporations have had messy results with such countries. Nestlé had tried to make ne
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