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Notes on Colonialism Political Science 2XX3.docx

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Political Science
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Richard Stubbs

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Started on: 10/22/2013 6:28:00 AM Last saved on: 11/10/2013 6:33:00 PM C LASS N OTES FOR : P OLITICAL S CIENCE 2XX3 COLONIALISM McMaster University, Fall 2013 T UESDAY , O CTOBER 22, 2013 W HY STUDY COLONIALISM ? - To challenge Western Views o On the construction of the third world  Without colonialism the third world would have not existed, if European colonial powers had not gone to colonize.  Creation of the Third World  Before Colonialism – Asia, Africa and the Americas had their own political institutions in place; as a result of colonialism brought all of these societies together. Imposed political/cultural institutions and created a unified world.  The creation of development and underdevelopment as a result of European colonial expansion. o On isolation  To claim that lack of development is due to contact makes no sense if we are going to take at value much of what dependency theory claims. o On “people‟s without history”  European went to “civilize” people who had „no history‟  People were underdeveloped because they were Isolated;  Colonialism is there to prove that this an arguable point to make;  Anthropologist – “Europe and people without history” People without history: assumption that these people did not have history, is an assumption that needs to be challenged;  What is the most obvious expression that people in the Americas, India and etc. had a significant developed culture; o primitive people;he art that was stolen from „allegedly‟ o Arabic People – Algebra, Alchemy, o Pyramids in Africa, America, Asia, China, etc. – Could not build pyramids without understanding “0” – something that had not emerged in the Western mind.  In political terms; governance; socioeconomic political system; it took hundreds of years to build the pyramids; need to have in place the institutions that would make it possible to feed those people whose job is to build the pyramids. Political institutions to build these. o Pyramids designate agriculture – know the movement of the planets, the sun and the earth in order to plant economic activities; in order to support those whose main activities were to build pyramids. o On the construction of the “other” Edward Said – “Orientalism” to characterize the other. Those that we encounter. 1 Started on: 10/22/2013 6:28:00 AM Last saved on: 11/10/2013 6:33:00 PM  As primitive: “The dark continent”  People in Africa were living in the „dark‟ ages; hence the dark continent  Europeans assumed that those living in Africa were primitive;  By religion: (less than human)  Religion played an important role in justifying the humiliating experience that is referred to as the mass slave trade  Slavery could not have existed without the rationalization that the “other” in Africa was sub-humans; there would be no offence to God if these were enslaved. Religion to justify the genocide that was the mass-slave trade.  By science: (To Justify Racism)  IQ tests designed intelligence. Designed by Europeans.  By culture: (To justify the clash of civilizations” thesis)  While much of the former colonized world has found ways to decolonize themselves, the colonizers have a hard time decolonizing the „images‟ of the other. Decolonization is hard to find the same process-taking place amongst the colonizer people.  Attempt by French and English educational boards to rewrite textbooks in or
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