Lecture at: 01/10/2014
C LASS N OTES FOR : P OLITICAL S CIENCE 3Y03
McMaster University, Fall 2013
F RIDAY , ANUARY 10, Y
What is happening in the fields of human rights / democratization?
Lessons to be learned from the two September 11 in regards to Human rights and Democracy
September 11, 2001
- The impact in terms of human rights and democracy
- When it comes to human rights & democracy, we can see that there has been a regression
- We are less democratic than we were before 9/11
- Widespread systemic human right abuses have become the norm
- Abuse human rights under the pretense of whatever happened in 9/11 - 2001
- Developments; dramatic contradictions with the development of the FIRST 9/11 - 1973
September 11, 1973
- Have a similar negative impact
- Unlike the 2001, this one also brought about POSITIVE development, in terms of human right
and the processes of ‘democratization’
- Chile, SouthAmerica
- Remarkable not only due to the brutality that threw the military coup, but also because of what
this government represented.
- Chile was the first country in the world to legally elect a Marxist politician as a President.
- Marxist power came through elections
o Salvador Allende
o Social government in 1970s sought to bring democratization and human rights
o Came to an end through a brutal military coup
- Eerie resemblance, as it also happened on a Tuesday
- International community became traumatized; massive widespread human right abuses, thousands
of people killed, sent to concentration camps, people forced into exile.
o Dictatorship that would last for a long time.
o Abandonment of the rule of law
Government suspended congress, parliament and the constitution
Began to rule by Military decree
Declaring the country in a state of war?
When there is no rule of law Total impunity, lack of recourse to judicial support.
No habeas corpus.
o Summary executions
~ 3,000 peo