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Psychology (4,968)
PSYCH 1X03 (1,053)
Joe Kim (987)


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McMaster University
Joe Kim

Psychology- Forming Impressions Attribution Theories  Jones and Davis’ correspondent theory is based on three variables: Degree of choice, expectation, intended consequence o Degree of choice: to understand why a person is behaving in a particular way, it helps to know if he chose to act in the observed behaviour in a question. o Expectations: uncommon behaviour gives us more information than common behaviour. If someone acts in a typical way you tend to not have a reason to infer their cause to their behaviour. o Correspondent Inference Theory: the variable of the intent of the behaviour (hidden goals, poor intentions, suspiciousness, etc)  Covariation Theory: how you determine if a given behaviour is due to an individual’s personal disposition OR the situation and circumstances. Three variables to determine this: Consistency, distinctiveness, and consensus o Consistency: Does the individual usually behave this way in this situation? o Distinctiveness: (if yes) then the behaviour is probably driven by the situation; (if no) the behaviour is probably driven by disposition o Consensus: Do others behave similarly in this situation? (if yes) then the behaviour is due to the situational factors. (if no) then the different behaviours driven by the situation is driven by each individuals disposition The Fundamental Attribution Error  Fundamental Attribution: the tendency to over-value dispositional factors for the observed behaviours of others while under-valuing situational forces  You are more vulnerable to make a fundamental attribution error when you are determining the causes of the behaviours by others rather than your own behaviour, as you assess the current situation you are in to determine your own behaviour and you do not take account the other persons situation.  Cultural differences: American 8 and 11 year olds attributed behaviour to personal and situational causes about equally. Indian children have a tendency to attribute behaviour to situational causes somewhat more than to personal/dispositional causes by the time they were 11 years old. The American 15 year olds & adults made more attributions as a result of personal factors than situatio
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