Class Notes (810,844)
Canada (494,281)
Psychology (4,979)
PSYCH 1X03 (1,055)
Joe Kim (989)


6 Pages
Unlock Document

McMaster University
Joe Kim

Psych Week Six: Problem Solving & Intelligence 10/17/2011 2:34:00 PM Intelligence  Involves the ability to perform cognitive tasks and the capability to learn from experience and adapt.  The cognitive ability of an individual to learn from experience, reason well, remember important information and cope with the demands of daily living. Deductive Reasoning  You come to a concrete conclusion based on a general idea.  Example: If Dr. Kim tells us that it is about to rain, we deduct that soon the ground will be wet.  Example: In science, we use a theory to make a hypothesis.  Idea -> Conclusion Inductive Reasoning  You generate a general idea given concrete information.  Example: If you wake up in the morning and notice the ground is wet, you can use inductive reasoning to say that it must of rained overnight.  Example: In science we use results in an experiment, then relate it to the world.  Fact -> Idea Insight Problem  A special category of problems that are designed to test your ability to “think outside the box”. Functional Fixedness  Our difficulty seeing alternative uses for common objects. Reliability  A reliable test produces the same result if one person takes it multiple times.  It is important for an intelligence test, because psychologists assume that intelligence is a static, internal quality. Validity  A valid test measures only the trait it is supposed to be measuring.  Does a given test actually measure your intelligence or your ability to answer certain types of questions? Charles Spearmen  He was a firm believer in the idea of a single type of intelligence – called “G”.  Believed that people with only a minimum level of “G” should be allowed to vote, and allowed to reproduce. Flynn Effect  The mean score for intelligence testing in the population has been steadily increasing.  Raw IQ scores have been on the rise since 1932.  May be due to increased quality of schooling, the increased access to information and diet. Jean Piaget  Believes that children are active learners, and by manipulating and exploring their environments, children incorporate new information into what they know.  He said that there were four stages of development, and that you can only pass on to the next stage after developing a new schema:  Sensorimotor Stage o 0-2 Years o The child begins to recognize that he can affect change on his environment. o Begins to purposefully engage with the world and act with intention. o To move on to the next stage the child must understand object permanence.  This is when the child realizes that objects can continue to exist even when he can’t see them anymore.  Preoperational Stage o 2-7 Years o Has mastered object permanence, but has yet to understand egocentrism, seriation, reversible relationships, and conservation. o Egocentrism  When the child has difficulty understanding the world from a perspective other than their own. o Seriation  Is the ability to logically order a series of objects. o Reversible Relationship  Can identify that they have a brother, but cannot indentify that the brother has a sister. o Conservation  Example: fluid conservation. A child will believe a taller narrower glass has more milk th
More Less

Related notes for PSYCH 1X03

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.