Class Notes (806,449)
Canada (492,253)
Psychology (4,968)
PSYCH 1X03 (1,053)
Joe Kim (987)


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McMaster University
Joe Kim

Attention allows you focus on crossing a street (Tokyo) Phenomenon -> Model -> Hypothesis William James – Everyone knows what attention is It is the taking possession by the mind in clear form, of one out of what seem several simultaneously possible objects or trains of thought... It implies withdrawal from some things in order to deal effectively with others, and is a condition which has a real opposite in the confused, dazed, scatterbrained state.” This definition -> Selection Selection -> You feel the fabric of the skin, but then you stop feeling it Walking down crowded sidewalk, finding a product on grocery shelf Irrelevant information acts as noise, can’t distinguish -> can’t drive and talk on cellphone Automatic processes – involuntary “capture,” fast, efficient Controlled processes – conscious attention, slow, effortful Controlled processes – when to make lane changes, talk to passenger Turning down radio and listening to cellphone, limited controlled processes Automatic processes – drive motor skill, pressing gas/break pedals, steering turn, signaling your turn Selection and the Spotlight Spotlight focuses your attention only part of the stage Michael Possner, attentional spotlight only focuses on part of the environment Finding a friend at crowded after party Objects within the spotlight: Faster reaction time, higher accuracy Spatial cueing paradigm Focus on middle, target will appear on left or right, indicate where the target will appear, the box on the left or right could flash and become cued, but the target can appear in the cued or uncued box (it is equally uncued or cued) Target direction is more accurate in cued location Suggests that governed by automatic, rather than conscious processes Measureable difference in cued and uncued (slower in uncued) Predictability of cue to measure consciously related shifts Controlled processing It would appear that attention moves faster than the eye Performance is improved when our attentional spotlight is fixed on the object (or location) we need to work with Can you spot the difference? You can’t stop noticing it! Filter Models You can single out the voice in a loud environment Collen Cherry – cocktail party effect Based on
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