CLASSICAL CONDITIONING 5/13/2013 6:34:00 AM
Learning – a permanent change in behavior knowledge capability or attitude
Kind of learning where people associate cues with events through contingencies
Association of one stimulus and another
Powerful effect on emotional responses, how we behave; etc.
Stimulus 1 is presented, and then another stimulus was presented, there was a formed
contingency between the two. Therefore the neutral stimulus = conditioned stimulus
Any stimulus or event
Naturally pairs with a response
Punch in the arm
Response to the US
Punch in the arm pain
Was previously neutral and is paired with the US to produced a learned contingency.
MUST BE LEARNED – sight of the lemon
A response elicited by the contingency between the CS
MUST BE LEARNED - puckering of the mouth, excess salivation
Take the learned response and gets applied to things that are similar.
Get bitten by black Doberman
Don’t get bitten by other dogs,
( have better experience with other dogs) Therefore generalization gradient decreases because you are only discriminating one kind
of dog instead of all dogs.
Predeicts presence of situation ex., dog biting you
Predicts the absence of situation ex., dog not biting you
US - tuna
UR – salivation in preparation for the tuna, feelings of happiness, or meowing
CS – sound of opening the can of tuna
CR – salivating for the tuna, or meowing, feelings of happiness.
However if I open a jar, she wont go crazy and start meowing, being happy or salivating
THIS IS DISCRIMINATION
FACTORS INFLUENCING CLASSICAL CONDITIONING
1. pairing of the CS AND UCS
2. 2. Intensity – something bland tasting, or more pleasurable
3. reliability – how often does the CS pair with UCS the more, the better
4. temporal relationship – ideal timing when you present the ideal stimulus (1 sec. or
less) 1 sec. before food comes, will you ring the bell. Therefore easier to learn
contingency. INSTRUMENTAL/OPERANT CONDITIONING 5/13/2013 6:34:00 AM
Contingency formed between stimulus 1 and stimulus 2
Unconscious and involuntary behavior
Example, food to a dog and