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PSYCH 1X03 (1,053)
Joe Kim (987)

Psych lecture

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McMaster University
Joe Kim

Psychology 1X03: Personality 1 o Anytime you table someone as shy, considerate, talkative, sentimental, practical, traditional, or adventurous, you are describing someone using personality traits o THE PROBLEM: personality is not real, unlike the brain because it has no physical existence. o Personality: is an idea, an abstract concept that we use because it seems to express or capture something important about our experiences. These abstracts concepts are often referred to as "hypothetical constructs". -Science is full of hypothetical constructs that helps us to organize and understand our experiences. Ex. Short term/long term memory. Also in physical Sciences the force of gravity/energy o TYPE APPORACH: assumes that there are a small number of distinct personality types o Greek Physician Hippocrates, the type of approach was dominant in western thinking until the 16th and 19th centuries o believed that the human body was made of four "humours": 1. BLOOD 2. PHLEGM 3.YELLO BILE 4. BLACK BILE o EX. melancholic personality type. Melan for the black, and cholic for bile. Someone of the personality type of often sad and wistful Segment Freud & the Psychodynamic Approach --His theory of personality was the first modern theory of personality and had an enormous impact on our thinking about personality and human nature. --The influence of Freud's ideas go well beyond psychology, and have become part of sociology, polo sci, philosophy, history, art, religious studied and literacy criticism. --The psychodynamic approach sees personality as a generated by internal psychic structures or processes. --The characteristics of internal structures in your mind, and the way they interact with each other determines how we feel and behave --Most psychodynamic theories argue that many of these structures are unconscious, and so we are often unaware of many important aspects of our personality FREUD`S TRIPARTITE MODEL -- (The struggle among conscious and unconscious influences represented among these three levels the major motivating forces in humans ) THE ID: --Seek Pleasure, avoid pain --> The Id the source to your basic instincts and your motivational energy that Freud named your libido. --> Its the Id`s responsibility to seek out water, food, air, and sex. --> Freud refers to this function of the Id as the pleasure principle. The Id is very selfish and impatient. It wants pleasure now. It does not want to wait for its pleasure; it wants it right now regardless of how that behaviour would affect other people. THE SUPEREGO: --> Superego is focused on upholding moral principles and has no interest in pleasure seeking. --> Its goal is to ensure that you remain morally perfect, and obey rules and respect values --> Comes into play around age 5-6 before then it was up to your parents to teach you the rules that you should obey and values you should uphold throw reward and punishment -->Self control is established to perform superego- your conscience stems from your superego THE EGO: --> The ego is aware of what is going in there world outside of the individual -->The ego must find a balance between the desires of the Id and the demands of the Superego, all the while ensuring that is realistically possible to do so. Both of the alternatives satisfy needs of (Id, Superego) -->The conscious ego is protected against anxiety by defence mechanisms created by the unconscious ego. -->Defense mechanisms keep the conscious ego from feeling anxious by keeping unacceptable id impulses out of consciousness entirely, or by distinguished id impulses so that the conscious ego ones not feel anxious about them if they reach consciousness -- >Repressed impulses sometimes sneak into consciousness as slips of the tongue, which are commonly called Freudian Slips, or symbolically distinguished as dream images RATIONALIZATION: ---> Unconscious ego justifies some conscious action EX. if someone has been involved with a accidence and an argument turns out into a physical one. The aggression generated from the Id conflicts with your superego, which believes that violence is wrong. To resolve this conflict your ego might use rationalization and decide that you became physical not because you were out of control, but because you were merely acting in self-defense and that anyone in your situation would have acted similarly. EEX. you really don't like your co-work and you're not sure why. that makes you feel guilty. So instead you may project your feelings on him and convince yourself that it is real your co-worker who doesn't like you. tThe unconscious ego redirects the forbidden impulse away from its original target to a consciously acceptable target, so that the conscious ego doesn't feel any anxiety. Ex. you may not like your boss and feel aggressive towards him but you can't act on this aggression because it is inappropriate so you end up fighting with your friend instead. DISPLACEMENT o Sublimation is a special type of displacement, in which sexual or aggressive impulses are displaced to objects or activates that are socially acceptable. o Freud believed that all of our off called "higher" actives are due to sublimated libido, and that sports, painting and sculpture, literature, even science, which we think as a rational and emotion-free enterprise, is ultimately diverted from sexual and aggressive impulses Psychodynamic approaches assumes that personality is part genetic, but also allows foe experiences to play a role in its development. Freud described 5 stages if development from birth to puberty. What distinguishes one psychosexual stage from the other is erogenous zone from which the child gets the most sexual and aggressive gratification. During each stage, the child's pleasure obtained primarily from
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