Personality Lecture Psych – June 5 2013
Personality:- Refers to an individual's unique constellation of consistent behavioural traits.
• The stability in a person's behaviour over time + across situations (consistency)
• The behavioural differences among people reacting to the same situation (distinctiveness)
• AHypothetical construct – a group of many things that control our personality and what an
individuals show it out.
Approaches to Personality:
• Psychodynamic approaches
- Stresses the relationship between conscious and unconscious mind.
- Importance of how psychological energy (e.g libido) is transferred.
- How crises/dilemmas are resolved during development defines personality
o First modern personality theory
o Emphasized role of the unconscious
o Linked to the man Sigmund Freud. - a lot the things we do, are influenced by many
unconscious approaches that we have no control upon.
o Psychodynamic approach to the mind:
Top level of ice berg – conscious
Top middle level of ice berg – Pre- conscious
Bottom level of ice berg – unconscious (larger part)
o 3 Personality structures:- working together to get out a total personality outcome
Aconstant struggle between Id and the Super ego.
in the unconscious mind, have no access to it
Pleasure seeker – now orientated
Seeks pleasure, avoids pain : pleasure principal
Have access to everything in the ice berg.
Balances the desires of the id, and the demands of the super ego
Operates in the conscious, unconscious, preconscious
in the per-conscious, conscious mind, and can have access to it.
Uphold your moral principals
Arises at age 5-6 (learned from parents mostly)
o Defence Mechanisms
Helps us to deal with or eliminate anxiety
Protects the conscious ego from unacceptable desires of the unconscious ego.
1) Repression: Ego blocks id impulses from never reaching consciousness
2) Denial: Unconscious ego prevents any memory of the event to prevent
conscious ego from feeling guilty/anxiety.
3) Rationalizing: Unconscious ego floods conscious ego with positive reasons