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Joe Kim (1,028)

march 24- psychopatholy 1.docx

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Joe Kim

Psychopathology what is abnormal behaviour? can vary between people cultures and time periods The four d's: • deviance • distress • dysfunction • danger exhibiting one or more of these characteristics doesn't mean we are abnormal Deviance • refers to having thoughts and emotions and behaviours that fall far outside of the standards.. • however doesn't mean all people who differ from norms have psychological disorder.. • fall well below and above standards of a group... • people with super low is could be labelled deviant but do we do the same with super high iq? Distress: • intense negative feeling due to their behaviour like anxiety • , psychological disorders often, but not always cause feelings of distress .. • some could be free of distress yet still not psychologically healthy for example: bipolar patients in the manic phase often feel very elated ..antisocial personality disorder ..when people harm others with no distress Dysfunction: • behaviour interferes with ability to function properly, no longer go to work, run a household, etc... • behaviours that are dysfunctional are often known as maladaptive because they prevent an individual from adapting to their environment • however not always true...someone may stop functioning in society as a protest , • psychological disorders often cause dysfunction in completing everyday tasks but this dysfunction may also be voluntary Danger: • puts themselves or others in danger, risky behaviours that lead to drug addiction, or engaging in violence • however this alone does not prove abnormality ex. athletes in extreme sports, or police officers Classifying Disorders The DSM -book that has standardized criteria to aid in the diagnosis of psychological disorders -has two main functions: categorizes and describes mental disorders, second allows researchers to talk to each other about mental disorders using common language -general diagnostic criteria: 1) disordered behaviour must originate from within the person, not as a reaction to external forces ex. person crying uncontrollably bc family died 2) disordered behaviour is involuntary and person cannot control the symptoms they experience ..rules out person who is on hunger strike in protest -dsm groups together disorders that have similar symptoms suggesting a common cause and can possibly be similarly treated categories in the DSM: Models of Psychopathology -the dsm does not provide treatment plans for disor
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