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Introduction (3).docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYCH 2AP3
Professor
Richard B Day
Semester
Fall

Description
September 12 , 2012 Psych 2AP3: Abnormal Psychology – Major Disorders Abnormal Psychology: Introduction (3) Models of Psychopathology - psychopathology is a sign of possession; however, this model has been abandoned for the most part - medical model:  dominates psychiatry  abnormality caused by physical problems in the brain: something physically wrong with the individuals brain or nervous system  began with relationship between syphilis and mental symptoms: causing damage to their brains leading to mental symptoms  ex.: mercury, external agent  terminology: implies that it has a physical problem  “sick”  “mental illness”  “nervous breakdown” – something broken down physically in your nervous system  basis for pharmacological and physical treatment  ex.: neurochemistry in depression, treatment increase the activity of neurotransmitters; however the cause is uncertain - psychodynamic model:  Sigmund Freud  Abnormal thoughts, behaviours, caused by unconscious conflict  Not a physical defect in the brain or nervous system but a psychological dilemma, unresolved unconscious conflict  Same processes in normalcy, abnormality: normal processes but bad outcome, maladaptive behaviour, thought and feeling  Treatment brings conflicts into consciousness  Candidate disorders:  Anxiety disorders (neurosis)  Dissociative disorders  Somatoform disorders: placebo treatment - behavioural model:  there is not underlying problem; however, they
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