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Lecture

March 3.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYCH 3CD3
Professor
Jennifer Ostovich

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Psych 3CD3 Monday, March 3, 2014 Intergroup Relations Is it Possible to Change Your SAN? White Bears • Ironic cognitive effects o Wegner’s “white bear” research  If told not to think about the white bear, subjects will think about  the white bear  People not told to suppress the white bear do not think about it  Being told to suppress a thought can cause you to have the thought  more strongly • Implication for SAN change o In order to add in stereotype disconfirming information or suppress  stereotype use, you must access the stereotype! Tiredness • Ironic motivations effects o Depletion of self­regulatory strength  Trying not to let it activate, which causes you to get tired o Implication for SAN change  A slow process with many errors to overcome  Such as… • Very difficult to build stereotype suppression with so many  errors that you may become discouraged • Making the effort makes you access the stereotype in your  SAN, and exhausts you Rebound Effect • Cognitive and motivational consequence of stereotype suppression o “Super­stereotyping”  You will now use stereotypes not than you ever would have with  trying to suppress them • More on self­regulation o Relies on decisions to regulate your behaviour o These acts are tiring o You only have a limited amount of self­regulatory strength  As you deplete the self­regulatory strength, it becomes hard to act  in self regulation  The most reliable way to restore this strength is to go to sleep  Self­regulatory strength can be used to not make stereotypes o Strength can be built with practice  You can build up your self­regulatory strength so it does not get  depleted quickly  Just like a muscle, you can build it up, with repeated exercise  You can become a better self­regulator o BUT practice depletes strength!  Until the muscle repairs itself, you are weaker than you were  before exercising  You may have to practice a lot to build up your self­regulatory  strength  Practicing will give you gains, but every time you really practice,  you tire yourself out • Macrae et al. (1994) expts o Effects of instructions to suppress stereotyping on later stereotype­use and  discrimination  Subjects come into the lab and think they will do an experiment to  construct event details from visual information  5 minutes to construct the daily life details of the person in the 
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