PSYCH 1XX3 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Gestalt Psychology, Outline Of Object Recognition, Udder

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6 Mar 2017
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A group of psychologists (1920s-30s) in germany began to study how people perceive the world around them gestalt psychologists: firmly believed that (cid:862)the (cid:449)hole is differe(cid:374)t tha(cid:374) the su(cid:373) of its parts(cid:863) Believed that people tended to perceive the whole stimulus rather than just putting together a (cid:272)olle(cid:272)tio(cid:374) of the sti(cid:373)ulus" dis(cid:272)rete parts. Gestalt movement was in part a reaction to the structuralist approach in vogue at the time: suggested that everything could be reduced to basic elements. Gestalt principles laws that describe how we organize visual input acquire them very rapidly. One of the most fundamental principles is figure ground. Figure-ground: the ability to distinguish an object from its background in a visual scene, what aspect of the scene is part of object itself and what is part of background. It would be perceived as being in front of the background: typically be formless or made up of multiple forms.

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