PSYCH 1XX3 Lecture Notes - Four Loko, Observer-Expectancy Effect, Developmental Psychology

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
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LECTURE 1: DEVELOPMENT I AND II
Nature vs. Nurture:
- A developmental psychologist may look at the Four Loko Effect by looking at whether
there is a predisposition to drinking alcohol
- Alcoholism runs through families so some people may have an increased chance of
becoming an alcoholic
- In University of California, a longitudinal study is occurring in which they are tracking
alcoholism across families
- First question: when the child of an alcoholic consumes alcohol for the first time, what is
their reaction?
One group of people will have a very high effect less likely to become an
alcoholic
Other group will have low effect can naturally tolerate it and is more likely
to become an alcoholic
- First-born children are usually like a third parent, are usually more invested in by
parents, etc.
- In developmental psychology, experimenter bias can occur as the experimenter’s face is
visible
- Do babies like looking at a simple representation of a face or do they only prefer a real
face?
The experimenters took the exact same image and flipped it upside down so it no
longer looks like a face
They waited for the baby to be delivered, sometimes had to wait over hours and
saw baby before his own grandparents
Results show that within minutes of being born, babies like looking at face-
like stimuli
Why are babies born with an innate desire to look at face-like stimuli?
- Sex & Gender:
Case of the baby whose sex was not revealed
Why is it important for parents to know the sex of their baby?
It affects how they interact with the baby
There are very different behaviors associated when a baby is
dressed in pink and when a baby is dressed in blue
When a baby is in pink, they are much more gentle, they sing to the
baby, they tell the baby they’re pretty
When a baby is in blue, there’s more rough interactions, wrestling, telling
the boy how big he is
Depending on your gender, you have a certain social role
Case in which two identical twin boys were born and one boy’s penis was
removed by accident and he was therefore changed from Bruce to
Brenda
Brenda had supplementary hormone therapy so that she looked
like a normal girl
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Document Summary

A developmental psychologist may look at the four loko effect by looking at whether there is a predisposition to drinking alcohol. Alcoholism runs through families so some people may have an increased chance of becoming an alcoholic. In university of california, a longitudinal study is occurring in which they are tracking alcoholism across families. One group of people will have a very high effect less likely to become an alcoholic. Other group will have low effect can naturally tolerate it and is more likely to become an alcoholic. First-born children are usually like a third parent, are usually more invested in by parents, etc. In developmental psychology, experimenter bias can occur as the experimenter"s face is visible. The experimenters took the exact same image and flipped it upside down so it no longer looks like a face. They waited for the baby to be delivered, sometimes had to wait over hours and saw baby before his own grandparents.

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