PSYCH 2B03 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Carl Jung, Personal Unconscious, Collective Unconscious

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15 May 2018
Jung & Analytic Psychology
Lecture 3
Carl Gustav Jung a Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst who founded analytical
psychology (1920)
Association test say a series of words to the individual and ask the individual to say the
first word that comes to mind. Each word is a probe to explore the unconscious;
unconscious responds by directing the conscious mind to produce some response
o Recorded time it took to answer (latency) and what words were said
Jung also believed in the psychic energy libido which powered motivation. However,
Jung saw libido as a broad life energy/force (not solely sexual)
Psychic Structures
Believed the mind has conscious and unconscious components
Two structures in the unconscious: (Freud had 3 structures)
o Collective Unconscious the largest & most important. Conceptualizes human
nature. It is shared in common by all human beings; we all have the same
collective unconscious
Archetypes instincts r/t cognitive processes (ways of thinking). The
patterns of thinking and interpreting our world are instinctive and help us
get along w/ people. Do not have content they have shapes. We pour our
experiences into the shape of our archetypes and we interpret them in
terms of our archetypes
Libido energy is stored in separate archetypes. Each archetype
comes w/ their own energy and we want to use up this libido.
Invest this instinctive energy into our everyday lives through
Projection whenever we interpret some event/experience in
archetypal terms, we use up some libido associated w/ that
archetype. This is pleasurable
Examples of archetypes: the hero, wise old man, mother, father,
trickster/class clown, divine child
The collective unconscious is present at birth
We can never know the contents of the collective unconscious
o Personal Unconscious differ b/w individuals, where human uniqueness comes
from. Functions like Freud’s idea of the unconscious ego. 3 things are stored here:
Images of memories/experiences are stored here (not always used but can
be easily retrieved)
Bad memories are repressed into personal unconscious (can actively keep
bad memories out of conscious ego)
Sensory information (hear/see/feel) that we don’t notice consciously and
never made into permanent memories is stored here subliminal
This content is organized into complexes constellations of thoughts,
images, & ideas related by a single emotional theme (positive/negative,
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how we feel about it) each complex has at their core an archetypal theme
w/ the same name as the complex
Ex: one complex could be the mother complex. Anything that
reminds us of our mother is stored in this complex
Complex is powered by stored libidinal energy from the archetypes
in collective unconscious
The personal unconscious is empty at birth no experiences yet. Over
time, memories/experiences will begin to be organized into complexes
We are able to know contents of the personal unconscious and retrieve
these memories
Ego identical to Freud except Jung believed the ego was fully conscious. Conscious
layer that sits on top of the personal & collective unconscious
Five Archetypes (tend to form complexes in every human being) the Vital Archetypes
Shapes our behaviour in the world and our personality
The Persona contains parts of our personality that we expose to others b/c we believe
they will be socially acceptable. We are aware of this archetype
o Archetype: instinct for social conformity, the desire to please others and be
accepted/valued by others. We conform to people to make them like us
Projected onto experiences by dreaming/writing about objects that
represent a persona and who someone is (e.g., doctor’s bag, workman’s
toolkit) when shown in dreams for example, it is a projection of the
o Complex: the personality shown to others, the social self. Public presentation of
most positive/socially acceptable aspects of self
We are aware that we shouldn’t show parts of us to people. Very rarely,
people don’t have a persona complex and show all sides of themselves;
they are who they are
o Downside: we lose touch with who we are when we become who we think is
socially acceptable (inflation of the persona)
The Amina present only in males. It is each man’s unconscious image & understanding
of women
o Archetype: a male’s instinct of interpretation of women. Sees women 2 ways in 1
Caring, nurturing, gentle, supportive
Seductive, sex objects, source of sexual pleasure
o Complex: includes aspects of his personality that he rejects from consciousness
b/c they are inconsistent w/ his view of masculinity. Their “female side”,
contrasexual side
Jung believed in order to get to understand your unconscious, have to start
w/ getting in touch w/ feminine side. The anima is the guide to the
Some men are okay with this side of themselves and don’t repress it
The Animus present only in females. It is the women’s unconscious image &
understanding of men
o Archetype: a female’s instinctive understanding/beliefs about males
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