RELIGST 3C03 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Spanish Inquisition, Ulama, Taqlid

50 views2 pages
Started on: 11/01/2015 19:34:00
CLASS NOTES FOR: ISLAM 3C03
McMaster University, Fall 2013
SUNDAY, JANUARY 11, Y
Christianity VS Islam
- Christians saw Islam as succeeding, as though Christianity is incomplete
- Islam and Christianity is universal, does not belong to a particular region
oIslam likes to convert people, the same as Christianity
oUnlike Judaism, because it does not seek to convert people
- Muslims were conquering Christian land
o(Islam entered Spain in 711)
Year 1492, Muslims were kicked out of Spain.
- Muslims were defeated and Spain was to remain Christian, before the Spanish inquisition, it was
Christians, Jews or Muslims.
oMany Jews and Muslims ended up leaving and some were converted
1451 - East side, in Medieval Islam
- Conquest of Constantinople (Istanbul)
- Muslims were able for the final time, but were able to defeat Christians in Turkey and this
established the Ottoman empire
Period of Enlightenment
- Balance of power changes
- Reformation period
- Religion was seen as corrupt
- Galileo
Tahtawi
- Rifa'a al-Tahtawi was an Egyptian writer, teacher, translator, Egyptologist and renaissance
intellectual.
- Liberation of women, in Europe, the women were liberated from men.
oProgress
- Men needed to exercise reasoning
- Did not blame Islam, but blamed Muslims, who were stuck in culture and superstitions
Taqlid
- Imitation, slavish imitation
- Muslims were ‘worshiping their past’ needed a reality check.
Ijtihad
- Reasoning
- Opposite of Taqlid
- Muslims were remained behind because of the lack of Ijtihad
Jamal Al-Din Afghani
- 1839 - 1897
Angie © McMaster University
Winter 2015
1
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class