Class Notes (835,929)
Canada (509,507)
Sociology (2,104)
SOCIOL 1A06 (735)
Lecture 6

Sociology Lecture 6 & 7.docx

6 Pages
74 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Sociology
Course
SOCIOL 1A06
Professor
Sandra Colavecchia
Semester
Fall

Description
Sociology Lecture 6 September 28 2012 CULTURE Defining Culture  "Culture is the sum of ideas, practices, and material objects that people create to adapt to, and throve in, their environments." (Brym, 2011, p.28)  Examples: Gretzky Cultural Universals  ie. bodily adornment, sports, gift giving, social institutions (family) Cultural Surprises  have you ever been surprised by the practices or beliefs of a different culture---either when travelling to a different country/region, or in talking to someone from another country?  ex. Gelato: in Italy, parents would take their children to go get gelato at around midnight Ethnocentrism and Cultural Relativism  Ethnocentrism: one's own practices/beliefs are superior  Cultural Relativism: all cultural practices have equal value  Gelato example Ideal vs. Real Culture  a gap exists between what we say and what we do (ideology and action)  ex. environmentalism, consumption of alcohol Contemporary Culture  Globalization (countries being connected more)  Postmodernism  Consumerism Globalization  Political interconnectedness (ie. UN)  Economic interconnectedness (ie. EU, Free Trade)  travel and migration  communication  work/occupations  Ritzer: the McDonaldization of society; → efficiency: getting food quickly → calculability: quantity> quality → predictability: same food and service → control: client is controlled (convince client to do labour); worker is controlled (how they're dressed, how they make the food, etc)  Diaspora: a group of people who move to another country who maintain and share their ethnic identity Sociology lecture 7 October 3 2012 Postmodernism (1980's/1990's)  reflects broad range of projects  knowledge and "truth" is fluid and shaped and reshaped through discourse (i.e. medical, political, academic discourse) (discourse means written/spoken communication or debate)  "truth" reflects power relations  rejection of a single explanatory frameworks  mix of elements from different times/places  ex. music, architecture, religion  Postmodernism in Music → breaks music "rules" of past → mixing of different styles → music connected to culture, politics and society → role of technology → explores contradictions → fragmentation and discontinuity → locates meaning in listeners  Postmodernism in Architecture → diversity, eclecticism, experimentation → collision of styles → borrowing from the past and reinterpreting it → many different meanings and interpretations  Postmodernism in Religion → Bibby: "religion a la carte" → he states that many Canadians are becoming more spiritual by mixing various times and places of different religions  less consensus about core values (i.e. voting; back then, people would tend to vote for the same political party / today, people tend to change who they vote for according to what the issues are) Consumerism  defining ourselves by what we buy  Counter-cultures: specific type of sub culture who reject the dominant values of society  Commercialization of Childhood → unprecedented, sophisticated, powerful → use of researchers, psychologists → 'cradle to grave'; brand loyalty → advertising in schools is wanted because children have to go to school (leading to obesity, mental health issues, etc) Pierre Bourdieu  economic capital concerted into:  Social capital (family, networks/having connections "it's not what you know, it's who you know")  Cultural capital (educational qualifications, fine/elite culture, cultural and linguistic strengths)  middle class kids more likely to receive these forms of capital  explains intergenerational reproduction of class (born poor>die poor; born middle class>die middle class, born rich>die rich) The Rights Revolution/Culture Wars  conflicts about ideology/ideas  struggle for rights by groups that have historically faced marginalization, such as aboriginals, and gays and lesbians  ex gay/lesbian rights, gun ownership, feminism/women's rights, euthanasia, etc SOCIALIZATION  "Socialization is the social process whereby people undergo development by interacting with the people around them."  we need social interaction for: brain, intellectual, social, and physical development (i.e. fine and gross motor development)  Nature vs. Nurture: → Sociology does not refute importance of biology → historical and contemporary studies of feral and neglected children  ex. Genie Wiley: was kept in a basement for years, which resulted in social deprivation  birth to death  self concept develops in relation to others  skill set (physical, mental, emotional, social skills)  agents of socialization: → absence or presence of church → school  explicit learning vs. subtle/nuanced learning  cross cultural variation  Primary Socialization: → Childhood: family is the most important agent  Secondary Socialization: → "Growing up is harder to do" → transition to
More Less

Related notes for SOCIOL 1A06

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit