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February 15th.docx

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Sandra Colavecchia

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4/1/2013 10:47:00 AM Arab Spring:  Protests in the middle East  January 2011 o Series of protest in Egypt o Grew in numbers o Lead to downfall of political regime in Egypt lead by Mubarak  Unprecedented political unrest by civilians in shortlisted countries  Largest the country had seen in decades  Protestors came from different backgrounds  The protests: o reflected a critique of the political structure of the Egyptian government o Rejection of the president o Economic issues  High unemployment  Low minimum wages  High cost of food o Human rights issues  Lack of free elections  Lack of free speech  Police brutality  Abuse of power by military elite  Use of Social Media: o Used by protestors:  Phones  Internet  Facebook  Flickr o Used to organize their protests o Used to expose police/military brutality  This exposure put pressure on Egyptian elite to respond to the protestors, the use of this media was instrumental in making the leaders pay attention  Argued: The use of social media strengthened the position of the protestors G20 Protests, Toronto – 2010  Protests groups were part of the anti-globalization movement Tiananmen Square 1989:  Massacre took place in 1989 – Spring  Started as students protesting and grew larger and larger  Criticized communist government  Thousands of student protestors were killed  Government forces came in, opened fire and killed the protestors  Violence used was heavily criticized by other Countries and Governments Civil Rights Movement:  “The future belongs to those who prepare for it today” – Malcolm X  Martin Luther King Jr, Malcolm X, Ghandi – 3 most iconic personality’s associated with social movements in the 1900’s MLK:  Preached non-violence and love  Very religiously inspired Malcolm X:  Bitch said nothing about him.. just know he’s like MLK and Ghandi ? Fuckin Colavechia… Ghandi:  Preached non-violence  Leader of resistance movement against British Colonial rule in India State:  Executive o Prime minister and cabinet initiates law  Legislature o Parliament makes laws  Judiciary o Court interprets laws  Bureaucracy o Implements laws  Coercive apparatus o Police, military: enforces law Civil Society:  Political parties  Lobbies  Mass media  Public opinion  Social movements Theories related to the State – Normal Politics: Pluralist:  Society is made of different groups with different interests, they are heterogeneous  You have all of these groups continually negotiating and vying for power and having their interests met  Power is widely shared
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