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SOCIOL 1A06 (735)
Lecture

sociol Gender, sexuality, and inequality.doc

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCIOL 1A06
Professor
Sandra Colavecchia
Semester
Summer

Description
Gender, sexuality, and inequality Sex vs gender • Sex - biological understanding and dichotomous categories • Gender - social understand and categories; how gender socialization constructs masculinity and feminitity Gender identity and gender roles Transgender, transsexual, intersex • Transgendered, individuals who depart from normative roles about being men or women • Some transgendered are transsexuals who want to change their gender by changing their appearance including gender reassignment theory • Transsexuals, born as a certain gender and feel more associated and want to switch to the other gender • Intersex, an individual whose chromosomal and or hormonal make-up and or sexual/reproductive anatomy is different than what is "typical" • And intersexed individual may have biological features of both sexes • Intersexuality: medical community • Intersex: intersex community Self-esteem varies by gender and structural advantage. • Girls more insecure than guys • Same throughout all age groups Sociological perspective Gender is socially constructed Gender varies historically and cross-culturally Research on Intersex has renewed interest in biology to challenge notions to dichotomy Sexuality Sociological perspective: • Historical and cross-cultural variations • "sex is both more or less than a biological drive - it is a primary mechanism by which we constitute our identities, and it is also just another arena of social interaction" • Sexual orientation is not always fixed • Social response to sexuality is important to consider • Methodological challenges in measuring Sexual orientation Women's movement • Early wave, 19th century • Equal rights feminists
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