Politics and Social Movement 02/26/2014
Arab Spring: An interactive time of Middle East Protests(抗抗).
People from all walks of life protesting regardless of age, gender or religion
Using social media—instrumental on putting pressure on Government, forcing
worlds’ leader to take note on what is happening.
G20 Protest Toronto, 2013
It’s not so expansive
They are mad about organizations. MIF, World Bank, etc.
Critical multinational corporations, American Stores
Tiananmen Square, 1989
Begin as university student protest, grow to much bigger
Protesting government, demanding social change, social justice, social quality,
Thousands of students were killed.
End by Government. Open fire to students.
Shocked the world, remain a historical event.
Civil Rights Movement
“The future belongs to those who prepare for it today”—Malcolm X
Dr. Martin Luther King: advocating non-violence, love
Ghandi: non-violence, leader of non-resistance..... Figure 18.1
The institutions of state and civil society
Executive, Legislature, Judiciary
Business, multinational companies
Five Sociological Theories (figure 18.1) write down after ......(from the book)
Power held by
Executive branch of government
Often coming from lower social background
These three parts are interconnected, socially
Michael Moore’s Fahrenheit 911
Does a really good job visually representing Elite Theory
Are contrast of 抗抗抗抗抗
How to value social academic status?
Education, money, political engagement
Way to measure political engagement: Ask what is their attitude on government
Do they join to vote...
Political cynicism and donations by annual household income, Canada
Instrumental VS Structural Marxists
Instrumental Marxists: economic elites control the government, because:
1. Economic elites become political leaders
rich people control government
government do whatever elites people want them to do
2. Government officials refer to economic elites for political advice
3. Big business support political parties through campaign donations
Structural Marxists: government is constrained to work within capitalism and cannot
ignore what’s in the best interest of capitalists
Cannot make decision totally against the capitalists
Corporate taxation: figure out how much business should pay for the tax
Power Balance Theory
How power shifts over time
Power not only held by elites but by others as well
Example: cross-national comparisons in rates of unionization It tends to enhance the political participation
Union encourages people to improve political power
Sweden has higher unionization than Canada
Wide distribution of who has the power
Class, gender inequality
Argue: the distribution of power in society does change, sometimes massively.