Anomie, functionalism and Robert Merton, Erving Goffman, ect..
Oct. 18 2011
– Statuses, identities and roles are social attachments we acquire over the course of our lives as we interact with others (p.130)
– Durkheim's concept
– A condition of sickness in the social body
– A state of normlessness
– Durkheim thought revolution destabilized the norms, and after a revolution nobody knows what to do. Social roles for people
– The state of Anomie forms when there is great societal change.
Functionalism & Robert Merton
– Master status: 'The status that tells most about her or him as a whole is occupation, which, in turn, probably provides a very god
idea of level of education, income, and lifestyle. (p.133)
– Role Strain: 'difficulty in meeting given role demands'
– Two key reasons for role strain- two key sources of stress 1st- is that one has been inadequately socialized for the role. You're
not quite sure what you should be doing. Not yet socialized into the role. 2 key cause- bad fit between personality and role.
You're trying to fit the demands of a role you may not suit. Ie. Someone who is shy trying to fit the demands of being a CEO.
– Role conflict- when roles are not compatible. When you are satisfying two roles and they are odds. ie.A proprietor of a bakery
and one of your staff members is your mother.
– Role competition- managing time needed for each role – refers to the idea that we all have multiple roles to fulfil, and they
compete for our time. We need to balance our time and energy we spend as a student.
Erving Goffman (1922-1982)
– social interactions are rituals that give both individuals and society meaning
– developed dramaturgical metaphor – idea that the social world is like a theatre and we are all actors. Our identities are things we
– Studied society through participant observation and textual analysis
Presentation of Self in Everyday Life (1959)
– dramaturgical metaphor