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SOCIOL 1A06 (712)

Anomie, functionalism and Robert Merton, Erving Goffman, ect..

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McMaster University
Douglas Davidson

Oct. 18 2011 Sociology – Statuses, identities and roles are social attachments we acquire over the course of our lives as we interact with others (p.130) Anomie – Durkheim's concept – A condition of sickness in the social body – A state of normlessness – Durkheim thought revolution destabilized the norms, and after a revolution nobody knows what to do. Social roles for people are unclear. – The state of Anomie forms when there is great societal change. Functionalism & Robert Merton – Master status: 'The status that tells most about her or him as a whole is occupation, which, in turn, probably provides a very god idea of level of education, income, and lifestyle. (p.133) – Role Strain: 'difficulty in meeting given role demands' – Two key reasons for role strain- two key sources of stress 1st- is that one has been inadequately socialized for the role. You're not quite sure what you should be doing. Not yet socialized into the role. 2 key cause- bad fit between personality and role. You're trying to fit the demands of a role you may not suit. Ie. Someone who is shy trying to fit the demands of being a CEO. – Role conflict- when roles are not compatible. When you are satisfying two roles and they are odds. ie.A proprietor of a bakery and one of your staff members is your mother. – Role competition- managing time needed for each role – refers to the idea that we all have multiple roles to fulfil, and they compete for our time. We need to balance our time and energy we spend as a student. Erving Goffman (1922-1982) – social interactions are rituals that give both individuals and society meaning – developed dramaturgical metaphor – idea that the social world is like a theatre and we are all actors. Our identities are things we produce. – Studied society through participant observation and textual analysis Presentation of Self in Everyday Life (1959) – dramaturgical metaphor –
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