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Lecture 12

2D06 Lecture 12 "The Social Psychology of Social Deviance Part 2".docx

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Sarah Clancy

Fox 1 Lecture 12 SOCIOL 2D06 Wednesday January 15, 2014  Social Psychology of Social Deviance: Part II  An Application to Explore Theories we looked at Last Week: Social Structural Theories - Anomie and Strain: • AMC'S series Breaking Bad (2008-2013) • Video: season one in a minute • What theories can we use to explain the premise of Breaking Bad? Innovator - individual still accepting role in society, providing for family; raises the value of conformity, • Murder of Ted Ammon, a rich upper-class individual in the elusive resort area of the Hamptons • Other important people in the care: Generosa Ammon and Daniel Pelosi • There are many different actions in this unusual case that we can consider deviant or criminal • Video: ABC 20/20 (2012) "Murder in the Hamptons - Who Done It? • Financial incentives? • Compared to BB - Pelosi as an innovator (they accepted societal goals and achievement)  Social Structural Theories of Deviance - Social & Self Control: • Social and self-control theories include these main theories: o Reckless' containment theory o Nyes family ties theory o Hirschi and social bonding • Focus: lack of social or self controls leads to giving into impulses, which can often be deviant behaviour • Forms of inner and outer control personal and social control help us to remain law-abiding and conforming members of society  Reckless' (1962) Containment Theory: • EXTERNAL FORCES and INTERNAL FORCES and weakened forms of containment push and pull people towards deviance Fox 2 Lecture 12 • Internal push and pull forces (motivation, desire, hostility, inferiority) - weakened inner containment (self-concept, strong ego, sense of responsibilities, high frustration threshold) • External push and pull forces (poverty, minority status, lack of legitimate opportunity, deviant subculture) - weakened outer containment ( parental rules, school, regulations, adult supervision, expectations of conforming peers)  Nyes Family Ties Theory: • We learn the following through family socialization: 1. Internal Controls - internalization values, norms, beliefs, etc 2. Indirect Controls - having a sense of shame or guilt about committing deviant acts 3. Direct Controls - laws or other formal regulations set up institutions or formal agents of socialization/ social control (tangible, do something bad - get grounded; cause and effect relationship) 4. Need Satisfaction - a sense of belonging by feeling loved, wanted, nurtured (feeling as if you matter, being part of something) • Weak controls = deviance • Strong controls = conformity  Hirschi's Theory of Social Bonding (1969) • Hirschi argues that individuals have 4 bonds with society: 1. Attachment - connections, often emotional with people and society 2. Commitment - accept societal goals and means to achieve them committed, non-deviating member of society who wants to does want to risk losing these goals 3. Involvement - involvement in conformist and legitimate activities 4. Belief - strong sense of morals and "respect for law and order" • If anyone of these are weak, Hirschi argues that deviant behaviour can arise  Social Structural Theories of Deviance - Social Disorganization • Theories include: o Parks & Burgess' (1925) Human Ecology Theory/Concentric Zone Model o Shaw & McKay's (1942) Theory of Social Disorganization o Cohen & Felso's (1979) Routine Activities Theory Fox 3 Lecture 12 • Focus: social disorganization/ social environment (i.e. ecology, where people live) and associations within the environment as precipitators for deviance and crime  Parks & Burgess: • A theory developed to explain land use and the ecology of the city and potential growth, dubbed "concentric zone mode" • Central terms o Symbiosis (i.e. how things are related to each other/ dependent, or mutually exist - things exist for a reason) o Invasion, dominance and succession • Zones include (centre drawing outwards) o CBD or "loop" in the center with factories on the outskirts (e.g. Wall Street, New York) o Zone 2: Zone of transition (more elicit actions, where immigrants first start to reside because of the cheap accommodations) o Zone 3: Working class homes (individuals make enough mone
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