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Lecture 6

Lecture 6 2Q06 Oct 24.docx

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Development and Socialization in Childhood and Adolescence Part 2 Lecture 6, Soc 2Q06E October 24, 2012 • Peer Group: • (G.H. Mead) • ‘Significant others’ refers to those individuals who are important in the development of self • family setting becomes less important • peer group becomes primary socialization • begin to show a greater concern for what other people think of us • significant others- teachers, friends, coaches • within the peer group- teenagers can really be themselves • the adolescent group can be a group of great support but you can also be a source of a great deal of harassment • ages at 7-8 and peaks from 14-16 years old • 78% of teens report hat friends have a great deal of impact in their lives • Peer group can also be a source of harassment as well as a source of support • Same sex groups remains, “the most important source of reference and identification from older childhood through early/mid-adolescence” (Nelson, 2010: 131). • Different determinants of popularity for boys and girls • Very key for young people • Possessing socially valued clothing/ shoes • Can you list some of the characteristics that are important for boys- athletics • Improve rank by girlfriend they get • Boys tend to form friendships through shared activities (sports, partying) have a much more wider range of friends • For girls? • Smaller cohort of friendships and tend to be much more intimate and inclusive • High levels of relational aggression- the way they lash out is more emotional or “nasty” rather then physical. It is the goal of damaging the girls relationships and reputation – very aggressive acts of bullying • Physical attractiveness is a major component of determining if your popular or not (clothes, hair, body shape/ image) • A lot of teenagers are seeking plastic surgery (breast implants, nose jobs, ear pinnings) • Read aloud excerpt from page 132 • Young people who are struggling with sexual orientation it is very difficult period of time when there are no peer groups or support systems • If you don’t have these sytems, you can have suicides occuring • ‘When Christian Hernandez was 14 and a Grade 9 student at Notre Dame…” • Girls have been found have higher levels of relational aggression than boys (page 133). • What does relational aggression refer to and what has been your experience in your high school? • Health Issues (from 144-145 of your text): • Anorexia Nervosa: self-imposed starvation- image or fear of becoming overweight • Bulimia Nervosa: pattern of binge eating and purging- 62% of women competing in sports where appearance was very important (gymnastics and figure skating) had eating disorders- average size of gymnasts is getting smaller • Cultural values that support the smaller you are the more beautiful you are • Muscle dysmorphia: distorted perception that one’s body is weak and small when it is in fact large and muscular—affe
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