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Lecture

8 Jan 17.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course Code
SOCIOL 2S06
Professor
David Young

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January 17 , 2013 kth 709 Jan 23, 24 - 4:30 - 6:30 Feb 5, 7 – 4:30 – 6:30 March 4, 7 Neo-Marxian Theory and Monopoly Capitalism B. changes in the capitalism  Competitive capitalism o A varity of small companies exist in a given sector of the economy o None of them has control over that sector o Marx was aware of the possibility that a monolopy could emerge in a part sector of econmy but didn’t say much about it o Competitive capitalism was present at the time we wrote and focused on that  2 monopoly capitalism o One large company or several large companies control a given sector of the economy o Baron and sweezy - Argues Marxists ideas needed to be updates to better reflect contemp cap society (account for shift from comp cap to mono) o They identified several diff between competitive capitalism and monopoly capitalism on the other  Difference was present in terms of organization  Comp cap – based under existence of smll companies  Mono – based under giant corporation  (shift under org)  Difference in terms of competition  Comp cap – prices (small comp would compete to buy their products and offer lowest prices to convince pple to purchase their goods)(comp based on prices still exists but it’s a lil diff after the shift)  Mono – comp also based on sales (giant corp trying to get a bigger share of a particular market or specifically through more appealing advertising or packaging  Ex. Mcdonalds and burger king don’t compete over prices of fries but do over the adds they have to get pple to come buy their products  Ex. Pepsi and coke don’t compete over prices but rather advertising  Different – ownership and control  Comp cap – under the hands of entrepreneurs (they owned and controlled the companies, smll companies so could do all of that)  Monopoly – ownership is held by stock holders and typically stock holder are going to be a smll number of capitalists, they buy most of the shares of a company (cap own company but ultimately it’s the stock holders) o Control – managers C. Labour and Monopoly Capitalism – we are going to consider the ideas of harry braverman (neo Marxian theorist and writer wrote book called labour and monopoly capital)  In this book bra was interested in updating marxs interest in factory workers, and extending marxs analysis to office workers and service workers  Braverman focused on the issue of control  1 control over factory workers o Capitalists (through their managers) exert control over factory workers o 3 mechanism of control  1. Specialization – breaking down tasks into minute activities  Each activity would be assigned to a diff worker  This means that few skills if any are needed to perform such a specific task  No real skill is needed to do the same task  This increases the control managers have – easier to control a woker who is doing a specific task as oppose to one doing all kinds of tasks and using multiple skills  2. Scientific management – in factory this involves minimizing the time spent on a task  This came from fedrick w taylor – who devised scientific techniques which determine how quickly and efficiently a task could be performed  He used time and motion studied – would be able to establish exactly how much time was needed to perform a task and was then imposed on workers – they were given just that much tim to do the task  This way controlled workers and forced them to become more productive  Taylor developed this approach and so its called taylorism (also known as scientific management)  3. Mechanization – worker does not need to acquire as they are built into the machine, the real skill is inside the machine and the worker just tends the machine  2. Control over office and service workers o Specialization, scientific management and mechanization have been used to control factory workers o This extends marxs work on factory workers  marx really focuses on how workers were exploited rather than how they were controlled  he didn’t actually talk about how they were controlled (which is what braverman is adding to the analysis)  braverman goes further than that and extends the analysis to office workers and service sector workers  braverman argued that office workers and service sector workers
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