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SOCIOL 2S06 (332)
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Lecture

Lecture 32 - February 3rd.docx

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCIOL 2S06
Professor
David Young
Semester
Fall

Description
The theoretical ideas of Peter Blau B) Exchange between individuals o Borrow from Hommans in terms of trying to understand individuals  o Homans talked about rewards and punishments o Blau only talked about rewards, not punishments – one crucial difference between theorists o 1) Concept of social exchange  Blau’s conception of social exchange was limited to interaction that are contingent on  (I,e., depdent on) receiving rewards from others  People are drawn into various kinds of social relationships  E.g., friendships, marriages, employer=employee associations  The rewards that are exchanged can be intrinsic (e.g., affection, love, respect) or extrinsic  (e.g., money, physical labour) o 2) Power in social exchange  Social exchange is often characterized by power imbalances (with one person getting  more rewards and one person getting less rewards)  E.g., if one friend is giving more help, favours, respect, etc than the other friend, there is  a power imbalance in the friendship, and the friendship probably will not last C) Exchange within social structures o Examples of social structures: groups, organizations or societies  o The social structures emerge out of social interaction  o Once that organization or society is formed it then has an impact on social interaction  1) A group • E.g., a friendship clique, a school club • People are attracted to a particular group when they feel that association with that  group offers more rewards than association with another group • To be accepted within the group, people must offer rewards that fit the interests  of the group as a whole (not the individual group members) • E.g., a new member might be accepted into a friendship clique if that person has  certain assets that enhance the status of the clique  2) An organization • E.g., a private company, a social movement • Organization looking for people who can give it certain rewards • The rewards offered by potential new members must fit the interests of the  organization (not individual members of the organization) • E.g., a new employee might be hired by a private company if that person has 
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