Class Notes (810,913)
Canada (494,374)
Sociology (2,049)
Lecture 3

Lecture 3.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

McMaster University
David Young

Lecture 3 - September 21 , 2012 Some of Marx’s Key Concept Concepts connected to production The mode of production  Slavery feudalism  capitalism o Slavery  economic system in which people are legally owned by others and engaged in forced servitude  Mode of production during antiquity (term given to term in distant past usually before the middle ages)  Societies which had slavery as mode of production include ancient Athens and ancient Rome o Feudalism  economic system in which people work the land for others in exchange for a share of the food production  Mode of product in Europe during the middle ages (i.e medival times) o Capitalism  economic system in which people who own private property utilize the labour of others in the pursuit of profit  Marx was most interested in capitalism as mode of production  All modes of production divides into two component o Forces of production and social relations Forces of Production  all the things needed for production to occur  Forces of production include means of production and productive labour  Means of production  land, raw material, technology and buildings  Productive labour  comes from people who utilize skill, knowledge and experience in the process of production Social Relations of Production  relationships between the main classes involved production  According to marx each mode is going to be marked by a basic distinction between the classes  The basic split is between the owning propertied class, and non owning propertyless class  Mode of productions include antiquity (slavery), feudalism and capitalism antiquity feudalism capitalism owning  masters  lords  the bourgeoisie non owning  slaves  serfs  proletariat  Property was essential  Class position depends on ones relation to the means of production (whethere you own the means of production of do not own them) Marxs two-class model General aspects of the model  This class model is crucial to understand how societies are structures and how societies change o As well as how societies change (move from one mode to another)  According to marx in any mode of production there is going to be opposition between the interests of the owners, the non owners (any of the modes had great opposition between this) o Non owners in any mode of production enter into an exchange relationship with the owners o They will give the owners labour o The owners give to non owners income or other means to survive o This echange is characterized by coercion which is divided into  Slavery  they are forced to work for their master, they give master some labour, and the masters allow them to live  Feudalism  serfs are required to work for their feudal lord, they have no choice  Slaves or serfs have no or little opportunity to alter the situation they are in The model under capitalism  The bourgeoisie  capitalist class or capitalists o Owne the means of production, factories  Proletariat  working class, or workers o Do not own the means of production o They simply work in the means the production(factory) of with the means of production (technology, or raw materials)  Exchange relationship  proletariat sell their labour to capitalists and capitalists give them a wage o This exchange also requires cohersion but it is not as seirous as the slave and serfs  Salves and serfs have no choice to work for their masters/lord, often they are legally bound)  Proletariat are not legally required to work for the capitalists  However, they don’t have much choice but they have to have a way of living Marxs recognition of ‘middle classes’ under capitalism  Several points in his writing, marx goes beyond the two class model  Occasionally he refers to the middle classes The Petty Bourgeoisie  This is an addition class in the capitalist mode of production (third class)  Marx used this term  This class sits in between the other two classes  bourgeoisie then petty bourgeoisie and then proletariat o Petty bourgeoisie are independent producers (farmrs) or owners (small business owners) o Like bourgeoisie, the petty bourgeoisie own the means of production  Differences between the two  PB hire fewer workers (if any )  Eg. Farmer may not need anyone beside his own family as labour Other Middle Classes  Other places is marxs writing, he refers to ‘middle estates or strata’, ‘middle stages or ranks’ or ‘middle classes’  One theory is these are other words for the petty bourgeoisie, and others say that marx saw the existence of other classes beyond the PB but didn’t explicitly identify Disappearance of ‘Middle Class’  Marx said that the middle class would eventually disappear  Some of these middle classes wold be absorbed into the bourgoeisie o Small business owner finds his business growing, he hires more workers, and now he is part of B as he is hiring more labour  But most members of these middle classes would fall into the proletariat o Small business owner may sell his business to large company who buy them o Then the PB are no longer working for themselves and are now working for the B Marx’s Analysis of exploitation and alienation The nature of productive work  Marx saw productive work as being good o 1. Human ability to create things is satisfying and rewarding o 2. Productive work allows us to be social  Productive work can reflect our communal nature  Marx ar
More Less

Related notes for SOCIOL 2U06

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.