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3 Sociological Paradigms Part 1.docx

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David Young

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Main Sociological Paradigms – Lecture Notes  4 paradigms  Order theory – social order balance agreement  Change – need for social change problems in society  Macro – external social structure, aggregate level looking at social institutions, what happens nationally, cross nationally  Micro – everyday interactions between people, online o Structural functionalism  Order theory  focuses on order, balance and harmony in society  Functions of institutions in society, how things function  Macro level  what happen nationally, cross national, countries, big institution, social structure over human agency (eg. Soc 2u06 - We meet at this time and this place, we take the course for credit)  Roots to this lay in biological/essentialist perpectives  Look at biological diff between men and women and a whole host of things fallow from that  Ex the nuclear family is natural cuz biological reproduction requires man and women, egg and sperm  A lot of sociologist have studied animals at the animal kingdom and saw them mating to draw inferneces about human  Criticism against biological perspective  highlight difference between men and women, emphasize the diffs too much like average difference (obscures all the other differences aka average Is mid between high and low, and f average is counted the high and low are not aacounted for)  Also comparing to animals is wrong as we humans are fundamentally  Our social environment is diff  We have power/equality structures in society  Animals have a social environment, and a social hierarchy within animals which they recognice and behave accoridnly  Also women have ntural tendency to care  Some aruge care giving in not instinctual and it is in fact learnt  Some say women have maternal instinct but research says that fathers are equally better if not better care givers (especially right after child birth as women are not physically capable of taking care of their children)  Social hierarchies impact our behaviours  One fo the ideas that has permeated this kind of thinking is the idea of nurturing  women have inherint tendency
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