SOCIOL 1A06 Lecture Notes - Lecture 2: Prenatal Care, Modernization Theory, Strategos
Global stratification is social stratification on a global scale. Global stratification: the hierarchal arrangement of individuals and groups in societies around the world. Social stratification: a society"s categorization of people into socio-economic strata, based upon their occupation and income, wealth and social status or derived (social and political) power. Social/global stratification looks at social inequality looking at how wealth, power and prestige is distributed and sometimes passed down from one generation to the next. Structural functionalist say that inequality is useful and essential for society to smoothly and correctly function. Davis and moore said that inequality was inevitable. They said: society had important jobs that needed to be filled by the most qualified people through extensive training, talent and work. Therefore, some jobs are more important so those people will earn more money. The workers would than receive payment as a financial reward for the training they had to endure in order to fulfill this work position.