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Lecture 19

ARTH 301 Lecture 19: 19- Rethinking Form (after formalism) Nov 7

7 Pages
12 Views
Fall 2017

Department
Art History and Visual Culture
Course Code
ARTH 301
Professor
T'ai Smith
Lecture
19

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1
ARTH 300
Nov 7
Rethinking Form (after formalism)
To accompany Professor Mansoor’s lecture: The Politics of Abstraction
Importance of Hegel in formalism
Wolfflin established parameters for formalism in style. One can juxtapose two
images and through juxtaposition of styles/forms one could develop kinds of
partners that belong to historical moments
(einrich Wolfflin’s basic pairs of concepts, for two contrasting types styles:
Classic vs Baroque
Linear vs painterly;
Plane vs. recession
Closed form vs. Open form;
Multiplicity vs. unity;
Absolute clarity vs. relative clarity
Formalism has become a bad word. Levine is interested from her literature studies
in forms, she is driven slightly by pragmatism
Levine as undergrad studied structural and post-structuralism
Formal analysis of image. Drive meaning out of formal patterns and specificity of
different artworks
Professor Caroline Levine Forms: Whole, Rhythm , Hierarchy, Network
Power belongs to distributed array of across in society. Individual subjects are
disciplining themselves not to be penalized (go to prison) in self-disciplinary
fashion
An artificial neural network is an interconnected group of nodes, akin to the vast
network of neurons in a brain.
Term network uses to describe arrangement of elements distributed of connections
among nodes
Networks can be material or immaterial
Work of French philosopher Gian Francier imposes hierarchy
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2
Jeremy Bentham, Plan for the Panopticon, ca. 1787
Panopticon: idea of power reduced to a diagram. Bentham theorized it, someone
else draw it after. Attempted to be cheaper than prisons of this time, it’d require
fewer staff, prisoners would self-discipline
Foucault Discipline and Punishment: the Panopticon… is the diagram of a
mechanism of power, reduced to its ideal form
Politics is a formal operation
 influential ideas about how forms work pp.  drawing on literary and cultural
studies)
1. Forms constrain
Impose powerful controls and containments
2. Forms differ
As in the study of poetic prose: distinct patterns of rhyme and meter
3. Various forms overlap and intersect
Various forms may operate at once
Theories of intersectionality, for instance, think about how different social
hierarchies overlap [i.e., gender, race, class], sometimes powerfully
reinforcing one another.
4. Forms travel
Can survive across cultures and time periods, sometimes enduring through
vast distances of time and space
back and forth across aesthetic and social materials.
precisely because they are abstract organizing principles, shapes and
patterns are literable portable. They can be picked up and moved to new
contexts p. 7
5. Forms do political work in particular historical contexts
Forms reflect or respond to contemporary political conditions
they shape what it is possible to think, say, and do, in a given context
Potentially adapt and reframe themselves
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Description
ARTH 300 Nov 7 Rethinking Form (after formalism) To accompany Professor Mansoors lecture: The Politics of Abstraction Importance of Hegel in formalism Wolfflin established parameters for formalism in style. One can juxtapose two images and through juxtaposition of styles/forms one could develop kinds of partners that belong to historical moments Heinrich Wolfflins basic pairs of concepts, for two contrasting types (styles): Classic vs Baroque Linear vs painterly; Plane vs. recession Closed form vs. Open form; Multiplicity vs. unity; Absolute clarity vs. relative clarity Formalism has become a bad word. Levine is interested from her literature studies in forms, she is driven slightly by pragmatism Levine as undergrad studied structural and post-structuralism Formal analysis of image. Drive meaning out of formal patterns and specificity of different artworks Professor Caroline Levine Forms: Whole, Rhythm , Hierarchy, Network Power belongs to distributed array of across in society. Individual subjects are disciplining themselves not to be penalized (go to prison) in self-disciplinary fashion An artificial neural network is an interconnected group of nodes, akin to the vast network of neurons in a brain. Term network uses to describe arrangement of elements distributed of connections among nodes Networks can be material or immaterial Work of French philosopher Gian Francier imposes hierarchy 1Jeremy Bentham, Plan for the Panopticon, ca. 1787 Panopticon: idea of power reduced to a diagram. Bentham theorized it, someone else draw it after. Attempted to be cheaper than prisons of this time, itd require fewer staff, prisoners would self-discipline Foucault Discipline and Punishment: the Panopticon is the diagram of a mechanism of power, reduced to its ideal form Politics is a formal operation 5 influential ideas about how forms work pp. 45 (drawing on literary and cultural studies) 1. Forms constrain Impose powerful controls and containments 2. Forms differ As in the study of poetic prose: distinct patterns of rhyme and meter 3. Various forms overlap and intersect Various forms may operate at once Theories of intersectionality, for instance, think about how different social
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