One of the most famous theaters in Greece is the Epidaurus Theater
Ancient theaters had no microphones.
How did the 20,000 people hear the actors?
o The shape of the theater was built in a very precise way so the
sound echo’s around.
For Greeks, theater was a very important social moment.
It was not only people on stage performing the play, there was
Machines on stage:
o Dolly used to roll the ekkykklema out through the central doors
o There was lifts “cranes”, used to move the actors around the
Greek Gods were not usually in the play, but sometimes they were
presented at the end to solve the mystery or murder, this was one
use for the crane, they lifted the Gods over the stage.
o This crane was called the deus ex machine.
The upper part of the scene was also used for the performance, but
also stairs leading to “backstage”
3 places where the play was going on: the stage, the upper stage,
and the orchestra ( but remember only 3 actors at a time)
The chorus was made up of the satyrs who belong to:
o Euripides, Cyclops
o Dionysos and a Satyr
Attic cup, 490-480 BCE.
The actors in these plays had animal like characteristics.
There was a mixture of tragedy and comedy, and the plot was
Cyclops was a giant creature with only one eye in the middle of their
forehead, he were also a cannibal
In the attic vase, actors were dressed up as satyrs.
Aiskhylos, “The interior decorators” (Thalamopoioi)
Komoidia (lit. komos-singing) = comedy
Origins in Dorian or Sicilian farce?
Origins in Attike?
Old comedy: 450-380 BCE