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Lecture 14

CLST; Week 5 Lecture 14 Provinces and Territorial Possession.docx

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Queen's University
Classical Studies
CLST 101
Christina Zaccagnino

Provinces: no territories or provinces overseas  Had Italian peninsula, controlled wide territory up to that, nothing overseas, can explain the fact that Romans didn't need to build a naval fleet up to the battles of the 1st century  Sicily was first territory overseas for Rome 241 BCE, was rich land, for a long period most of grain needed was from Sicily, but later replaced by Egypt. Admin of it was given to the Senate, the Senate was later in charge of all subsequent provinces. Senate had the power to attribute diff provinces to the governments but the provinces were selected by lot, Senate didn't make the decision, match of governor was selected by lot, but governors members of the Senate. A way for Senate to gain more power little by little, will see how the provinces were really organized and governed Prouincia  Territorial possession  Sphere of military activity: not in all provinces were Romans welcome, generally hated in many. Many times, Romans didn't behave properly. Provinces had to pay taxes and there were persons involved in collection of taxes who weren't the kindest people. Other cases, members of the army made requisitions of territory, abuse of power, but in some cases they were allowed, while others, did it to gain power/money/so on. Places with different languages, Romans bringing culture, language, government system, army, was bewildering  Governors (proconsuls/propraetors): were generally persons who already have consulship  The senate decided to choose governors from its own rank and the assignment was done by lot. Governors generally had already been consul or praetors. When they had to move to new office, given a quaestor elected each year who dealt with financial dealings of the province  1 or more legati were their subordinates, Praefecti: prefects, who had to deal with different matters in the provinces, Comities: companions, who were persons very close because of familiar links or friendship, was a way to have experience considered good for their future careers, could learn a lot about dealing with specific matters. Scribes, attendants and lictus.  The main duties of a governor were to promote Roman interest and to maintain peace and order- to protect it against foreign enemies and domestic agitators and to serve as judge in legal dispute. Dealt with enemies on boarder, etc.  Governor had to use skills to deal with locals because they knew that if they gave something to them, they could better control territory, because locals wouldn't fight against Romans, would prevent other people from doing that  89 BCE Grant of citizenship to a group of Spanish cavalrymen by Cnaeus Poempeius. Granted so that they wouldn't fight him. Privilege to Spanish because they would have the right to vote  Very important for career of Roman man to be commander of a province. The commander of the army/governor. Statue: most of his body's naked, not wearing armour, some robe thing. Old man face, but hot bod, don't match, idealized. A way to give image of themselves as heroes, quite common.  Les prouinciae: law for the province  Publius Rupilius -> Lex Pupilia (Sicily 132 BCE)  Governors
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