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January 31, 2013- The Army.docx

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Classical Studies
CLST 101
Christina Zaccagnino

The Army During the Republican Period  Legions made of 4000 to 5000 infantrymen and 300 cavalrymen each  The allies supplied legions made of 4000 to 5000 infantrymen and 900 cavalry each  Each legion was divided into 60 centuries  Each century contained 60 men  10 cohorts= 1 legion  3 maniples= 1 cohort  2 centuries= 1 maniples  The officer of a legion was a legatus  There were 6 military tribunes assigned to each legion  The chief of a centuria was the centurion o Started off in a lower rank of the army, but was promoted when he showed great talent and ability  The consuls were the commander of chiefs of all legions  The trarii, at the rear of the army were recruited from the oldest, most experienced soldiers o There was only 60 men in each trarii maniple  The principes formed from men in their 20s and 30s considered to be in the prime of life  The hastati formed from younger men. There were at the front, and they faced the enemy first  There were two legions in the full consular army, as well as two alae (contingents of allied soldiers) as two units of cavalry  107 BCE Province of Numidia assigned to Gaius Marius o He needed more forces so he took volunteers from the very poorest members of the state
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