Class Notes (836,053)
Canada (509,597)
CLST 201 (170)


7 Pages
Unlock Document

Classical Studies
CLST 201
Margaret Erskine

Jan.14/13 CONSUL**- top of political pyramid PRAETOR** AEDILE** QUAESTOR** Military tribune (10 years spent in roman army)-foundation for future political career ‘CURSUS HONOTUM’- the course of honors/offices ( from quaestor to consul) of roman political Formed aristocracy (not democracy)- Oligarchy (Rule of a few) Purpose= gain admin, financial, judicial, and diplomatic experience Minimal age of 25 – could become quaestor Minimal age of 39 Minimal age of 42- to be enter praetor 2 years between holding each position Banned from holding more than 1 curule position at a time Can’t repeat the same position more than once in 10 year period Colegiality- have a partner in office SENATE-provided continuity, made up of previous magistrates - needed at least wealth of 1 million-property requirement - could be born into senate -all nobles wanted to be in senate -finally opened up admission to lowest magistrates (quaestor) -300 ex-membership at first but then emperor doubled it to 600 - membership for life= very conservative - permanent advisory for consul -in theory- had no legaslative power, couldn’t even convene itself - gave opinions in order (consuls first) -CURIA- latin for senate house- where senate met SENES-‘old men’ in latin-council of elders to advise King SENATUS CONSULTUM (S.C)- decree of the senate- advice that magistrates could accept or not (but pretty much had to) COMITIA CENTURIATA-CENTURIATE ASSEMBLY, in 193 centuries, all adult male, elect senior magistrates COMITIA TRIBUTA- tribal assembly, all adult males belong, elect junior CONCILIUM COMITIA CURIATA-CURIATE ASSEMBLY 3 TRIBES=RAMANES, TITIES, LUCERES COMITIUM- where they assembled to vote - votes of wealthy counted more, plus only wealthy in political position NOVI HOMINES (singular NOVUS HOMO) SENATUS POPULUSQUE ROMANUS (S.P.Q.R)- THE SENATE AND THE ROMAN PEOPLE ROMAN SOCIETY POPULUS ROMANUS=ROMAN PEOPLE QUITIES=ROMANI (ROMANS)-name from roma (city) 1)FAMILIA-fundamental unit PATERFAMILIA=father of the family PATRIA POTESTAS= father’s power GENSCLAN (PL. GENTES- people in similar descent, formed social group 2)CLIENTELA=Client-hood, if you didn’t have a father… you become a client PATRONUS AND CLIENS (patron and client)- mutual relationship, patron legal protection to the patron, client political support to patron SENATOR=PATRES CONSCRIPTI- conscript fathers , thus were patricians PATRICIIPATRICIANS-elite, name given to all family and descents -main class difference between patricians and plebians (mass of normal people)- mainly difference in blood not wealth, Patricians inherited right to be elite- don’t intermarry with plebians PRAENOMEN, NOMEN**, COGNOMEN, AGNOMEN V NAME (men)= (praenomen-christian name (limited variety), nomen-MOST important- designated the family clan/gens one belonged-distinguised plebians from patricians,cognomen-indicated specific branch of a family- honory epithet/description of distinguishing physical charactersitic, afnomen- sometime added) MARCUS AEMILIUS LEPIDUS PORCINA NAME (women)= given the feminine form of father’s second name (nomen) NAME- after marriage= possessive form of husbands name first then orginal name Ex) CLODIA METELLI= METELLUS’ CLODIA- CLODIA, THE WIFE OF METELLUS 2 names under empire= CLAUDIA OCTAVIA -in 509 bc the patricians completely in control- controlled the tribal ***494-287 BC- STRUGGLE OF THE ORDERS (PATRICIANS VS. PLEBIANS)-first great political conflict 494 BC=FIRST SECESSION OF THE PLEBS-LEFT CITY AND REFUSED MILITARY SUPPORT- ‘strike’ PLEBIAN GRIEVANCES= DESIRE FOR POLITICAL EQUALITY- to participate in all the political offices since they shared the military responsibility… PROVISION OF ARABLE LAND-land that can be plowed, ABOLITION OF ENSLAVEMENT FOR DEBT-posed major problem because there were high rates of interest-if you couldn’t pay it back- you become slave *CONCILIUM PLEBIS (COUNCIL OF THE PEOPLE)-formed from the first secession of the plebs- no patricians alongelected spokespeople TRIBUNI PLEBIS (10) –had power of veto (‘I forbid)- could nullify magistrates legistation and block their office appointment, also elected 2 PLEBIAN AEDILES- -TRIBUNES OF THE PLEBS-no limitations on how many times you could repeat in office, had no imperium and only had power in rome city limits 2 PLEBIAN AEDILES PLEBISCITA (PLEVISCITES)- ‘sense of the people’ -the plebians finally won power equal to that of the consuls- could present bills to senate, their motions were binding on everyone and not just plebians- led to abolition of senate (no more use for it) 450 BCTWELVE TABLES (LAW CODE)- everyone free under the law 445 BC LEX CANULEIA- intermarriage sanctioned between patricians and plebians 367 BC**LICINIAN SEXTIAN LAWS- plebians can hold the consulship NOVI HOMNES (new men- plebians) 366 BC*first plebian consul- made their family nobles 356 BCfirst plebian dictator 351 BCfirst plebian censor 342 B*CLEX GENUCIA-
More Less

Related notes for CLST 201

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.