Class Notes (836,053)
Canada (509,597)
CLST 201 (170)
Lecture

clas.jan.14.docx

7 Pages
51 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Classical Studies
Course
CLST 201
Professor
Margaret Erskine
Semester
Winter

Description
Jan.14/13 CONSUL**- top of political pyramid PRAETOR** AEDILE** QUAESTOR** Military tribune (10 years spent in roman army)-foundation for future political career ‘CURSUS HONOTUM’- the course of honors/offices ( from quaestor to consul) of roman political Formed aristocracy (not democracy)- Oligarchy (Rule of a few) Purpose= gain admin, financial, judicial, and diplomatic experience Minimal age of 25 – could become quaestor Minimal age of 39 Minimal age of 42- to be enter praetor 2 years between holding each position Banned from holding more than 1 curule position at a time Can’t repeat the same position more than once in 10 year period Colegiality- have a partner in office SENATE-provided continuity, made up of previous magistrates - needed at least wealth of 1 million-property requirement - could be born into senate -all nobles wanted to be in senate -finally opened up admission to lowest magistrates (quaestor) -300 ex-membership at first but then emperor doubled it to 600 - membership for life= very conservative - permanent advisory for consul -in theory- had no legaslative power, couldn’t even convene itself - gave opinions in order (consuls first) -CURIA- latin for senate house- where senate met SENES-‘old men’ in latin-council of elders to advise King SENATUS CONSULTUM (S.C)- decree of the senate- advice that magistrates could accept or not (but pretty much had to) COMITIA CENTURIATA-CENTURIATE ASSEMBLY, in 193 centuries, all adult male, elect senior magistrates COMITIA TRIBUTA- tribal assembly, all adult males belong, elect junior CONCILIUM COMITIA CURIATA-CURIATE ASSEMBLY 3 TRIBES=RAMANES, TITIES, LUCERES COMITIUM- where they assembled to vote - votes of wealthy counted more, plus only wealthy in political position NOVI HOMINES (singular NOVUS HOMO) SENATUS POPULUSQUE ROMANUS (S.P.Q.R)- THE SENATE AND THE ROMAN PEOPLE ROMAN SOCIETY POPULUS ROMANUS=ROMAN PEOPLE QUITIES=ROMANI (ROMANS)-name from roma (city) 1)FAMILIA-fundamental unit PATERFAMILIA=father of the family PATRIA POTESTAS= father’s power GENSCLAN (PL. GENTES- people in similar descent, formed social group 2)CLIENTELA=Client-hood, if you didn’t have a father… you become a client PATRONUS AND CLIENS (patron and client)- mutual relationship, patron legal protection to the patron, client political support to patron SENATOR=PATRES CONSCRIPTI- conscript fathers , thus were patricians PATRICIIPATRICIANS-elite, name given to all family and descents -main class difference between patricians and plebians (mass of normal people)- mainly difference in blood not wealth, Patricians inherited right to be elite- don’t intermarry with plebians PRAENOMEN, NOMEN**, COGNOMEN, AGNOMEN V NAME (men)= (praenomen-christian name (limited variety), nomen-MOST important- designated the family clan/gens one belonged-distinguised plebians from patricians,cognomen-indicated specific branch of a family- honory epithet/description of distinguishing physical charactersitic, afnomen- sometime added) MARCUS AEMILIUS LEPIDUS PORCINA NAME (women)= given the feminine form of father’s second name (nomen) NAME- after marriage= possessive form of husbands name first then orginal name Ex) CLODIA METELLI= METELLUS’ CLODIA- CLODIA, THE WIFE OF METELLUS 2 names under empire= CLAUDIA OCTAVIA -in 509 bc the patricians completely in control- controlled the tribal ***494-287 BC- STRUGGLE OF THE ORDERS (PATRICIANS VS. PLEBIANS)-first great political conflict 494 BC=FIRST SECESSION OF THE PLEBS-LEFT CITY AND REFUSED MILITARY SUPPORT- ‘strike’ PLEBIAN GRIEVANCES= DESIRE FOR POLITICAL EQUALITY- to participate in all the political offices since they shared the military responsibility… PROVISION OF ARABLE LAND-land that can be plowed, ABOLITION OF ENSLAVEMENT FOR DEBT-posed major problem because there were high rates of interest-if you couldn’t pay it back- you become slave *CONCILIUM PLEBIS (COUNCIL OF THE PEOPLE)-formed from the first secession of the plebs- no patricians alongelected spokespeople TRIBUNI PLEBIS (10) –had power of veto (‘I forbid)- could nullify magistrates legistation and block their office appointment, also elected 2 PLEBIAN AEDILES- -TRIBUNES OF THE PLEBS-no limitations on how many times you could repeat in office, had no imperium and only had power in rome city limits 2 PLEBIAN AEDILES PLEBISCITA (PLEVISCITES)- ‘sense of the people’ -the plebians finally won power equal to that of the consuls- could present bills to senate, their motions were binding on everyone and not just plebians- led to abolition of senate (no more use for it) 450 BCTWELVE TABLES (LAW CODE)- everyone free under the law 445 BC LEX CANULEIA- intermarriage sanctioned between patricians and plebians 367 BC**LICINIAN SEXTIAN LAWS- plebians can hold the consulship NOVI HOMNES (new men- plebians) 366 BC*first plebian consul- made their family nobles 356 BCfirst plebian dictator 351 BCfirst plebian censor 342 B*CLEX GENUCIA-
More Less

Related notes for CLST 201

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit