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Lecture 4

Clst 340 lecture 4.

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Classical Studies
CLST 340

Clst 340 Lecture 4  Consuls o Fasti Consulares  Big tablets in Rome – list of consuls  Dated to 120 B.C o Fasti Triumphales  List of Triumphs o Fasti’s burned down and had to be recreated  Polybius o Greek Hostage o Wrote history of Rome – primarily punic wars o Very scientific  Early Roman portraits to Pyrrhus o Dress  Very heavy and bulky – designed to protect from cold o Brutus  Founder of the republic  Does not recognize sons as they sided with Superbus  Poplicola o One who devotes self to the people o Consul in first year  Stone of Satricum o Latin is Satricanus o Stone dedicated to Mars  Satricanus wasn’t Roman territory  Polybius st o Under 1 year of Republic two things happened  Marcus Horatius dedicated temple of Jupiter  Rome signs 1 treaty with Carthage  Carthage very powerful at this time  Stay out of each others way  Roman constitution at beginning of Republic o Sent delegates to Athens to learn o Principles are that magistrates are:  Annual  Collegial  Accountable o Servius Tullius creates Comitia Centuriata  Designed so that richest get most votes  193 votes  Prima classis  80 Normal centuries  18 richest – knights  98 votes total – complete majority  Classes 2 through 4 get twenty votes each  5 class gets thirty votes  Infra classem get 5 votes  Comitia Centuriata  Votes on Consuls  Trabani  Militum o Senior officers  Interrex o Caretaker of state between consuls o Arranged elections or recommended a dictator  Dictator o Rex – complete power o Called Magister Populi o Unaccountable o Purple toga o Reigned for 6 months  Lictors o Followed kings of old  24 o Followed consuls  12  Magister Equitum o Second in command o Commander of the cavalry  Rex Sacrorum o Chief priest o King of sacred rights o Appointed by the Senate  Senate could also ask both consuls to step aside  Quaestors o Word means investigators o Financial officers  In charge of expenditures / budget  L Junius Brutus o Possibly a Plebeian o At the beginning of the Republic there are possible Plebeian consuls  By 483 all consuls are patrician  Patricians and Plebeians o In your blood – both rich plebeians and poor patricians lived o Mostly rich v. poor o Plebeians were backbone of country yet poorly treated  Provocatio (appeal)  Appeal to the people  Comitia centuriata stacked against the poor o Struggle of the orders  Takes a long time due to Rome being in constant war  493 – Plebeians secede from Rome  Some say this happened in 471  Secessio  Patricians ask for demands o Concilium Plebis (tributum)
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