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Nov 27.docx

Classical Studies
Course Code
CLST 100
Christina Zaccagnino

of 2
Doric Order
- Style of structure (with columns… etc.)
- Developed in the Peloponnese
- Originally only base in stone and rest is wood
- Capital on top of column acts as cushion
- Alternation of triglyph and metope on top of architrave, which is on top of the capital; metope
can have reliefs, painted, or not decorated
- Fluted shafts
- Building surrounded by columns; pronaos = front, cella (also naos) = main area/temple,
opisthodomos = back, pteroma = surround area but still inside columns (‘porch’)
- Worship performed outside of temple but statue of deity can look out from cella through the
pronaos to see the worship in their honour
- Buildings on east-west axis
- Temple of Artemis, Corcyra, c. 580 BCE, first temple entirely of stone
Ionic Order
- Developed in 5th C. BCE
- Capital different from Doric Order
- Continuous frieze instead of alternating triglyph and metope
- Fluted shafts
Corinthian Order
- Most recent order
- Capital of acanthus leaves
- Fluted shafts
- Continuous frieze
- Isolated column
- Mostly mythological scenes, some everyday life
- Women always with white skin (always stayed inside), men usually with black skin (tanned due
to working outside)
- Eye-cups were popular, used to drink wine
- Exekias, famous pottery painter, signed his names on his products, obsessed by Ajax
- Foreign painters also present in Athens (e.g. Amasis from Egypt)
- Black-figures were not suitable for painting movement
- Started as experiment c. 520 BCE, arguable invented by Andokides in a ‘bilingual’ vase
- Exact opposite of black-figure
- Details are painted and not incised