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CLST 100 Lecture Notes - Solonian Constitution, Strategos, Hippeis

Classical Studies
Course Code
CLST 100
Christina Zaccagnino

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When an individual turned 18, there was mandatory military training
After the training, once they were 20 they could go to the Assembly
When the Assembly gathered, there was an agenda that was followed, one
could not simply propose a matter to discuss
Bouletai Councillors
Epistates chairman of the boule
The council originally only had 400 men
To be a councillor you had to be at least 30 years old
30 was an important year in Athens, as it was also the age at which a man
became the master of a household, and at which a man would get married
The council met in the Old Bouleuterion
The boule would inspect all public buildings, and if an offence was committed
it would be reported to the people, and the jury would decide if they are
The boule would also inspect men who had less then 300 drakhmai’s worth
of property and who were unable to work because of an impairment, and
would give them 2 obols a day
Solon’s property groups
Pentakosimedimnoi people who owned land and were able to produce a large
amount of grain every year
Hippeis among the richest of the city, as they were Calvary men
Zeugitai people whose property or estate could produce 200 goods per year
Thetes produced less than 200; they included small landowners, farmers, and the
Until 458/7 BCE arkhontes were chosen only from the first two property
In the 4th century BCE the lowest groups could hold the charge
The 9 arkhontes:
Arkhon eponymous
Arkhon basileus (King Arkhon)
6 Thesmothetai
462: Reform of Ephialtes
501 BCE A new office:
o strategos military commander; 1 from each of the 10 new tribes
Hellenotamiai took care of the Ten Treasures of Athene
Dokimasia scrutiny
An oath would have to take place in the Agora when one was to take office
Important Magistrates
The Eleven legal punishment
Astunomoi streets and highways
Agoranomoi markets
Metronomoi measures
Grammateis secretaries to the Boule
Kerux (pl. Kerukes) Herald
o They were sent to bring news and decisions, but they did not have any
power to negotiate
o They work under the orders of the takrai and ekklesia
Presbeutes or Presbeus (pl. Presbeis) Elder, Envoy
Murder was considered an offence against the whole kinship of the
individual killed
Areopagus (the hill of Ares) Hill was the most important law-court in Athens
Areopagus Countil
462/1 reforms of Ephialtes
Eliaia (or Heliaia)
Dikasteria jury-courts
Dikasiai jurors
The heliastic oath had to be taken by every juror
Every year jurors were selected by lot, and there were several trials every
day in Athens
o They were provided with a ticket (pinakion) that certified their
identity as a juror
The jurors didn’t know which trial they were being a part of until the last
Kleroterion Allotment machine; it was used to randomly assign jurors to