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Lecture 11

CLST 203 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Bodrum, Proserpina, Maritsa


Department
Classical Studies
Course Code
CLST 203
Professor
Graeme Ward
Lecture
11

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CLST 203 Week 6 Lecture 1
Hermes & Orpheus
Homeric Hymn to Hermes
Muse, sig of Hees, the so of )eus ad Maia, lod of Cllee ad Aadia ih i
flocks, the luck-bringing messenger of the immortals whom Maia bore... For she bore a
shifty son, blandly cunning, a robber, a cattle driver, a bringer of dreams, a watcher by
night, a thief at the gates, one who was soon to show wonderful deeds among the
deathless gods. Born at dawn, at mid-day already he played on the lyre, and in the
evening he stole the cattle of far-shootig Apollo…
Hermes
Nymph Maia + Zeus
Messenger god
Trickster god
God of merchants
Livestock
Guide
Guide of souls
God of Luk
Cyllenian (Mt. Cyllene)
Hermes Accoutrements
Petasus
A travelers hat, wide brimmed used by shepherds
Talaria
Winged sandals
Caduceus
Travelers/ambassadors wand, waist high with rings at the top
Symbol lets hermes cross boundaries
Herms
Herma Hermes
Hermes as fertility god
ithyphallic
gardens, sacred groves
Pastoral aspect
Hermes as god of boundaries and crossroads (transitions)
Apotropaic
Trickster God
Related to Prometheus
fie stiks
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Important character to Greek culture
Odysseus
Not the greatest fighter, but they admire his trickery
Hees steals Apollos Cattle
HH to Hermes (151-7)
Steals Apollos cattle and backtracks, burps and falls asleep
Hermes is in baby for, and sneezes and farts at the same time to escape his grasp
I as ol o esteda!
Switch of music and cattle
lyre (152)
Mercury: Roman god of Merchants
Temples to Mercury established in fora across Empire
mercatus
Cattle
pecus/pecunia
Thieves and tricksters
euial
Agus-“lae Io
God of Music
Shares role with Apollo
Father of Sicilian shepherd, Daphnis
pastoral music
pan pipes
Association with Livestock
Apollo
Crossroads and travel
Transhumance
Crossing the earth
Arcadia
Hermaphroditos and Salmacis
Ovid (121-123)
Hermes and Aphrodite have offspring
Hermaphroditos
Adonis-like
Naiad Salmacis falls in love with him at her fountain
Hermaphroditos weakened by the pool
Halicarnassus (Bodrum)
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