HIST 121 Lecture 6: W6 Rise of Christianity

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Religion and philosophy in the roman empire: popular philosophies. Increasing associations with roman loyalty & patriotism: jewish communities in the roman empire. From the promised land to roman occupation (6 ce) 530 bce 70 ce: other faiths & spiritualities. Influences from eastern communities: zoroastrianism (persia), hinduism (indian subcontinent), jainism (indian subcontinent, mystery religions. The cult of mithras (persia)the cult of isis (mediterranean & egypt) Issues and divisions with 1st century judaism: social and political questions. The mosaic law as guide for ritual and lifestyle: varying approaches to adherence: liberal to strict. The role of temple priests and religious officials: new beliefs and movements. The messiah question: anticipation of a god-sent redeemer to free israel from. The life of jesus of nazareth (ca. Lived during reign of emperor augustus (27 bce 14 ce) & tiberius (14-37 ce: raised and education in a jewish community in judea. Began preaching mission at age 33: traveled throughout judea (nazareth, jerusalem, cana, etc. )

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