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Lecture 6

HIST250 Lecture 6 p 1.docx


Department
History
Course Code
HIST 250
Professor
Laura Carlson
Lecture
6

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Week 4, Lecture 2
Art and Architecture of Byzantium
The Survival of Towns?
General signs of decay?
oBuilding materials: permanent to temporary
Loss of brick and marble
oPopulation size
oTrade and Economics: Luxury vs. Utilitarian
Western vs. Eastern
oWest declined in communities faster than in the East
oItaly: fewer towns, Spain, Gaul, Britain
oEast more urbanized, for a longer period of time
oRural vs. Urban?
oRate of “ruralization”?
Classical Urban Models
oColonnaded Streets
oCentrality of grid streets
oTemples (Christian: Churches)
oMarket Squares
oAdministrative buildings
oEphesus:
SW of CP
Access to trade routes
Major Classical elements in Classical Ephesus
Baths, temples, fountains, theatres, libraries, agora
Embolos
Ruralization of the E Empire (600-700)
Causes?
oPost-Justinian Economic Slump
oWake of Justinianic Plague
oReorganization of Theme provinces
oImpact of Arab Attack
oNatural Disasters (Earthquakes, etc.)
Indications of Decline at Ephesus
oUrban Constriction
Pull back walls nearer to centre of town
Defense maneuvers
oAppropriation
Spoliation
Take a monument and re-use it
Baths turned into apts
oAbandonment
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