HIST 286 Lecture Notes - Lecture 4: Rerum Novarum, Corporatism, Populism
Week 4 lecture part ii: populision and the government of getulio vargas in. Populism, corporatism, and the government of getulio vargas in brazil (1930-45): Latin america saw changes in style/content of their politics: urbanization, immigration, rise of labor unions, expansion of middle class, growing nationalism, anti-imperialism, etc. Early moderate reformers were eclipsed by radical figures (populists). Populists: their struggle for power consumed la from 1930s-50s. Carried the reformist impulse to undermine the traditional ruling elites and bring elements of working class and urban poor into the picture. It was the most significant political development of the first half of the 20th century. Adjectives to describe populism: based on a broad coalition of classes, not specifically a middle class movement, rise of post-wwi generation. Had the ability to appeal to the unorganized/uneducated/unskilled of the urban masses. Populist leaders were the representatives of the populous. Several populists had political success that changed their countries permanently.