Created many of the icons, images, etc. that shaped popular culture vision of what revolution is and what latin america is. Cuban revolution carefully cultivated by fidel castro himself. Vision of glorious revolution of rebels in the mountains that come down and take over city. Related to sugar in one way or another. Too interconnected to us economy to make import substitution a profitable enterprise. Cuba built first railroad only 7 years after us built its railroad. Cuba remained spanish colony, but had railroads before spain. Telephone service only 5 years after bell patented it. Literacy rates, infant mortality, gdp, etc. indicated cuba was pretty developed country. Havana one of latin america"s most modern urban centres. Urban and rural jobs lost when sugar economy was in bad trough. Nature of sugar economy created great uncertainty, which sparked political instability political instability. Oriente was area where independence ideas were the strongest. By 1950s, slavery had been abolished for 60 years.