Class Notes (836,583)
Canada (509,859)
History (1,327)
HIST 121 (103)
Ana Siljak (34)

HIST121 Post-Modernism

3 Pages
Unlock Document

HIST 121
Ana Siljak

HIST121 1 April 2013 Reading(s): Foucault, Said, Heisenberg Lecture 12: Post-Modernism - Enlightenment Globalized o Enlightenment has triumphed globally o Acknowledged by the whole world o Universally accepted principles o Culmination of modern Western history o Collective ideologies have faded o Individual pursuit of reason, self-interest, wealth - Liberal-democratic-capitalist model prevails; communism crumbled o Triumph of the politically liberal, technologically powerful nation (United States) o World returning to 1889 (Crystal Palace); science as a way for the future o World domination by the West o Renewed belief in progress in the 1990’s o Neo-enlightenment th o Return to optimism and confidence of the 19 century o Liberal-capitalism in unadulterated forms o Post-Enlightenment West as a culture o Liberalism suspicious of collective forms of unity o Triumph of enlightenment leads to questioning of enlightenment’s consequences themselves o Fukuyama argues liberal democracy is here to stay; constitutes final form of human government  Earlier forms held grave defects; liberal democracy free from fundamental, internal contradictions  Incomplete implementation  Ideal of liberal democracy cannot be improved on  Hegelian inspiration - Enlightenment Challenged o Inherent evils in liberalism; nationalism provides sense of belonging; belief in collective o Particularism over universalism; anti-globalization o Secular ideals destabilize moral standards o Liberalism empty of moral content o Religious and nationalist rejections of liberalism o The Rise of Identity Politics  Critiquing West from religious perspectives not doing so based on ancient texts of religious literature; they have read Western literature and philosophies  Rejected Western liberal tradition not simply in the name of religious philosophy but in the name of a harmonious alternative  Clinging to culture/identity/tradition  Need to cherish and preserve what is unique about each culture  Particularism and collectivism HIST121 1 April 2013 Reading(s): Foucault, Said, Heisenberg  Challenges globalization; modify individualistic aspects of the liberal project; culture, tradition, belonging  Identity, religion, liberal project – co-exist?  Competing ideologies? o Sayyid Qutb, Social Justice in Islam, 1950  Resistance to the enlightenment principles - Post-Modernism – arises out of Nietzsche and the Existentialist Tradition - 1. Roots: Anti-Liberal and Existentialist o Relativism o No valid universal truths o Marxism and liberalism both progeny of the enlightenment  Control the individual through invisible but ever-present
More Less

Related notes for HIST 121

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.