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Lecture 5

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HIST 122
Amitava Chowdhury

Lecture 5 Tuesday, February5, 2013 6:33 PM Martial Races - Races were aliened from the rest of society and set aside as warrior races: Part II: Nationalism Examples: Traditions and transformations leading to national identification… - Sikhs in India - Community of signs: - Highlanders in Scottland ○ Christianity - Ambonese in Indonesia - They were so isolated from their society that many of them went with the Dutch ○ Islam when Indonesia got their independence. ○ Buddhist ○ You were related to people through religion… Plan this week… ○ Started to fall apart with the degradation of classical languages We begin with a story about a man without any hair on his head: Fuchou was a philosopher, complete with his own - Community of subjects philosophical system (like all good ones). In the 1950s there was a debate featuring a linguist named Chumpski, then a ○ Ottoman empire, Chinese empire, British empire professor at MIT. This debate was televised, and at the end the moderator asked "What is the meaning of Justice?" ○ People identified with others of the same subjecthood Chumski: 'There is something innate in human beings that ingrains in us a sense of good and evil transcending fear and ○ This transforms into nationalism context. The fundamental sense of justice is ingrained. Fuchou: "There is nothing in our entire human experience that Is - Print industry drove, in many ways, the spread of nationalism outside the social context except memories of pain or pleasure… Even the idea of justice is born of experience. There is ○ The circulation of knowledge creates a community of its own no fundamental sense of good and evil." The order of things: The firm and the nation-state: There are vast chunks of time when we have a new set of technological processes, a new system of politics, new - It is to the advantage of these firms to separate themselves from the empires kinds of economic relations/exchanges, and new kinds of social relations. From time to time one _ slides into - Cross-border transactions another and the entire system changes. The tools we use to understand society are also born of the same process - Property rights that results in the new system… There is no knowledge system that is independent of this system. We are ○ The commercial firms now act through the nation-state to develop property rights constrained by the disciplines that are born of the same processes that formed our current state. A new one of the advantageous to them. periods starts in the 18th century shortly after the French revolution. This is not a period of time, but a concept - Employment and compensation rights which is also marked by the understanding that any process to understand reality is always biased, because it is - Cost internalization born out of the same process that the reality was born of. Paradigms change, as does our methods of ○ The removal of industrial waste of taken on by the state understanding them. This is a new kind of consciousness called modernity, which encompasses nationalism and - Monopoly: the nation state. ○ Creating a small, limited monopoly on an area of goods without destroying the market - Tax Today… - International relations 1. What is Modernity? - Private companies twisting the form of the state, causing their profits to increase, and also, 2. What is Nationalism? incidentally, becoming more democratic. 3. Critiquing Modernity and Global dimensions Creating national consciousness: Part I: Modernity - The school system: A few terms: ○ inculcated into nationalism - Modern - The root of all these words: A sense of newness, something not old - Service in armed forces: - Always attending to the present tense ○ The desire to give up your own safety and even life to defend/expand your nation state - Antithesis of the past - Public ceremonies - Changing meaning over time: ○ Various insignia of the nation made to be internalized by the people  In 16-17th century, it was negative: Restless, etc  Later, it was something positive… The removal of past negativity. Emerging nation-states:  To be modern is to be in a state of perpetual change (flux) and constant upheavals. An outside - New form of community observer can see the changes more than you can. - (Mostly) common language - Modernization - The technological dimension of newness…. ○ Problems occur when differences in language occur - Industrialization - Landscape changes to make way for new industries
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