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October 15th .docx

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Department
History
Course
HIST 124
Professor
Steven J Maynard
Semester
Fall

Description
Je me souviens: Myth and Memory, Conquest and Compromise Monday October 15 2012 General Wolfe: The dauntless Hero? His appearance is described as ferret like: wasn’t very hero like. He feared not living up to the expectations of his father. Wolfe always thought he was dying – his bladder. The surgeons would bleed him out in order to try and cure him. When Wolfe arrives in Quebec, he expects to be greeted by open arms by the habitant. He outlines that he wishes to only subject them to the king’s rule and not to decrease their population. The French are compact in the fort unwilling to leave. Wolfe tries to enter; not allowed. Wolfe bombs the fort to no success. Wolfe is running out of supplies and Wolfe decides to risk it all in 1759 at the Plains of Abraham. He leads his army to scale the cliff. Montcalm decides to release his troops from the fort. The battle is over in 15 minutes. British victory – Wolfe dead, Montcalm dead. “Je me souviens”: I remember – The Quebecers have it written on the plains of Abraham, their assembly building, license plates. They remember the conquest daily. “The Death of General Wolfe” by Benjamin West (1770)  The lighting glorifies the death of general Wolfe  Highly fabricated  Wolfe hated aboriginals; suggested that they were companions Maynard argues that the conquest is the result of the clash of social formations rather than the triumph of Wolfe or failure of Montcalm  British leadership meant the breaking of relations between the aboriginals and French trading  The French would immediately lose all figure heads However, social formations cannot be extinguished in a single event. Rather it was a shot towards a long revolution for liberal capitalism. By the 1760s the French only had 70,000 people in New France. In terms of population of New France – it was nothing. The English people numbered close to 1,000,000. In Europe, at the time the period of enclosures -1746ish (The peasants were able to use the land. The aristocrats came and put fences and called it private property – peasants removed.) Forced immigrants to come to New France. It happens as staggers across Europe but – In France, they are able to hold off the enclosures resulting in less numbers coming to NF. F- Absolute monarchy: extremely tight control of emigration. Pushed for trade – no settlement. B- Monarchy – subject to parliament: fewer rules on emigration – lots of settlers. Therefore, growths in English population who are incredibly land hungry. If the conquest didn’t happen in 1759, it would have due to the demographics. Revisit later. Why weren’t the French forced to be British? How did their culture survive? Determined by the way the British dealt with the French
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