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Lecture

3.1 HIST 290, September 24th

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Department
History
Course
HIST 290
Professor
Rankin Sherling
Semester
Fall

Description
HIST 290 Irish History to 1848 Monday, September 24 2012th 431-795 CE  The Christian church in Ireland became very strong, powerful, and rich  It became very important for a family dynasty to have a member in the church hierarchy  Intellectual superiority – produced the greatest vernacular literature at the time  Great craftsmanship  Great flowering of Ireland, but at the same time was extremely unstable politically o Tuah’s (these had kings) o Over kings (power over many Tuah’s) o Kings of Leinster, Munster, Connaught, Ulster, Meath (Southern Ui Neill) o Three essentials to be a king:  Physically unblemished,  Morally upright,  Have a king within four generations of your lineage  Within a couple generations there would be many people with a claim to the throne – this requirement was put in place to cut down the number of eligible people  Those who had a claim to the throne otherwise spent most of their lives trying to find a way to lay claim to the throne – would physically maim those who were within 4 generations o They battled of succession of the throne – a great king and with him stability, only lasted as long as the king was alive o Two biggest rivals were the Ui Neill and the Eoghanacht (from Dai Cais) Vikings in Ireland  The Vikings didn’t meet a whole lot of determined and unified resistance  The Vikings came into a war torn political system  The political division of Ireland made it easier to conquer  Came into an extremely wealthy nation (most of the wealth was in unprotected monasteries)  795 CE – the Vikings raided a monastery on an island founded by St. Columba o In the same year they raided an island between Ireland and Scotland, which was the head quarters of Irish Christianity  795-820 CE – the Vikings raided along the coast, raiding the wealthiest ones and the hardest ones to get too – for a while they were content simply raiding, taking the money, killing people, and burning the monastery – doing so and leaving before any help could arrive  The Irish felt like this was more of a torment, a plague, but it was serious yet because rival kings would commit the same sort of raid on each others lands  830 CE – the Viking ships were sea-faring and could also handle very shallow water o Changed from a coastal problem, to a national problem o In 837 CE the Vikings started settling along the coast in fortified towns (Dublin and Droghada) o The Irish monks fled the islands between Ireland and Scotland – these islands became Norse for a time o Throgast (a Viking) sailed up the river Shannon and down the river ____ in 837 CE, setting up a power base, he ran the areas around there  Practiced Norse religion – making the Irish very mad  845 CE – An Irish king Malacki defeated Throgast and had him drowned  852 CE – the Vikings came with more reinforcements, Ivar was the main guy o Set up the ‘pail’ along the coast, near Dublin  The Irish started to get mad because the Vikings were settling, intermarrying with Irish, and picking up Gaelic customs o C
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